Bowl barrow 510m south east of Bernersfield Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018102

Date first listed: 12-Nov-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jun-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 510m south east of Bernersfield Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Forest Heath (District Authority)

Parish: Icklingham

National Grid Reference: TL 78978 74627

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 510m south east of Bernersfield Farm survives well and will retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and during that time will also be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound and in the fills of the buried ditch. The proximity of this barrow to a number of other barrows in this part of the Breckland region, in particular the Icklingham barrow cemetery, give it additional interest. Together these barrows give some evidence of the character, development and density of the prehistoric population in this area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is located approximately 700m to the south of the Icklingham barrow cemetery and includes a bowl barrow. It is visible as a large earthen mound which stands to a height of about 1.2m, and covers a roughly circular area with a maximum diameter of about 32m. It is thought that the mound is encircled by a ditch from which earth was quarried during the construction of the barrow. Although this has now become completely infilled and is no longer visible, it will survive as a buried feature below the ground surface.

The group of five bowl barrows forming the Icklingham barrow cemetery forms the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31119

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing