White Barrow, a long barrow
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Apr-2021 at 04:31:51.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 03281 46849
Reasons for Designation
The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological
remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in
those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains
represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are
considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from
those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites
on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.
Twenty-eight Neolithic long barrows have been identified in the Salisbury
Plain Training Area. As a monument type long barrows are sufficiently rare
nationally that, unless severely damaged, all examples surviving as earthworks
are considered to be of national importance.
White Barrow is a well preserved example of its class which, despite some disturbance from burrowing animals, exhibits a largely original profile. The barrow is known from geophysical survey to contain archaeological remains providing information about Neolithic beliefs, economy and environment.
The monument includes a long barrow lying across a north east facing spur
below the crest of Copehill Down. The barrow has a trapezoidal mound 85m
long, orientated east-west, which reaches a maximimum width of 35m and a
maximimum height of 2.5m at its eastern end. The mound tapers to the western
end where it is 23m wide and 1.8m high. Flanking either side of the mound are
well defined ditches from which material was quarried for its construction.
The southern, upslope, side ditch is 1.8m deep and up to 19m wide and the
northern, downslope, side ditch is 0.9m deep and up to 12m wide. At the
eastern end of the barrow the overall width of the mound and flanking ditches
is 66m, reducing to 54m at its western end. A geophysical survey undertaken by
the Ancient Monuments Laboratory suggests the presence of a forecourt at the
eastern end of the mound.
Excluded from the scheduling are the boundary fence surrounding the monument
and the badger proof chain-link netting that covers it, although the ground
beneath these features is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing