Bell barrow on Haxton Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018172

Date first listed: 23-Oct-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow on Haxton Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Oct-2018 at 00:07:55.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Fittleton

National Grid Reference: SU 20597 50917

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1600-1300 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows, (particularly multiple barrows), are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite considerable erosion from tracked vehicles, the bell barrow on Haxton Down still retains a recognisable profile and will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow situated on a gentle west facing slope on Haxton Down. The barrow has a mound 22m in diameter and 2.2m high surrounded by a berm 4.5m wide. The mound and berm are not placed centrally within the ditched area which is 8m wide on the eastern side but 6m wide for the rest of its circuit and a maximum 0.6m deep. Tank tracks have cut through the mound on both the north-south and east-west axis to a maximum depth, at the centre, of 1.8m and in 1972 a cremation, comprising a quantity of burnt bone and charcoal, was exposed about 4m from the centre. The wooden post palisade that now surrounds the barrow and the surface and make-up of the stone track on the south side are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31185

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing