Bowl barrow on Mount Ararat, 550m east of Burrows Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1018184
Date first listed: 04-Feb-1999
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: East Dorset (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: SU 09337 10376
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite some damage by tree planting operations, the bowl barrow on Mount Ararat, 550m east of Burrows Farm, survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on Mount Ararat on the edge of a
plateau overlooking the Crane Valley. The barrow is the only surviving example
of a group of three which were recorded by L V Grinsell in 1959.
The barrow, which was recorded by the Royal Commission on the Historical
Monuments of England in 1975, has a mound composed of gravel, sand and earth,
with maximum dimensions of 8m in diameter and about 0.5m in height.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. The ditch has become infilled over the years,
but will survive as a buried feature 1m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 31904
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical monuments of Dorset: Volume V, (1975), 74
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 139
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing