Enclosed Bronze Age urnfield 160m west of Overgreen Royd Farm, Mixenden

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018233

Date first listed: 16-Jun-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Enclosed Bronze Age urnfield 160m west of Overgreen Royd Farm, Mixenden
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Calderdale (Metropolitan Authority)

National Grid Reference: SE 05188 27940

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

An enclosed Bronze Age urnfield is a burial ground in which cremations, usually placed in cinerary urns, were interred within a circular enclosure up to 30m in diameter. This was formed by either a ditch, a bank, or a bank within a stone circle. There was normally an entrance or causeway allowing access into the enclosure, where a central mound or standing stone is sometimes found. Excavated examples are known to date to the Middle Bronze Age between the 16th and 11th centuries BC. Enclosed Bronze Age urnfields are largely found in the north of England, mainly in Yorkshire, Cumbria and Northumberland, although their distribution also extends into Scotland. They are a rare type of Bronze Age burial monument, with fewer than 50 identified examples and provide an important insight into beliefs and social organisation during this period. All positively identified examples are considered to be nationally important

Although the surface of the enclosed Bronze Age urnfield 160m west of Overgreen Royd Farm has been disturbed by ploughing, it retains evidence of its form and location, and will retain evidence of the burials originally placed within it. It is one of several such sites in the Calderdale area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age urnfield and its enclosing bank. It is situated 160m west of Overgreen Royd Farm, Mixenden. The field containing the urnfield has been ploughed in the past, but the bank still survives to a height of 0.2m. The bank is subcircular and measures about 5m wide and 50m in diameter; it previously extended into a field to the north west but has been destroyed in this area by a small stone quarry.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31482

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing