Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Castle Stead Ring


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018258

Date first listed: 18-Sep-1998


Ordnance survey map of Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Castle Stead Ring
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Bradford (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Cullingworth

National Grid Reference: SE 05134 36286, SE 05136 36222


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts, which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000 BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures. Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures. Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time. Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives are considered to be nationally important.

The northern part of the late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Castle Stead Ring survives well. The southern part has been disturbed by ploughing, but it is still visible and will preserve important archaeological information. This settlement contributes to the understanding of late prehistoric settlement and land use in northern England.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes an oval late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Castle Stead Ring. It is situated on Cullingworth Moor, west of the Halifax Road, bisected by an access road to Bleak House. The earthwork enclosure measures about 105m wide and 108m long overall. On the north side of the access road the enclosure is bounded by a ditch with an inner and an outer bank. The inner bank is the more substantial, being up to 5m wide and 0.5m high. The ditch is 3.5m wide and up to 0.5m deep, and the outer bank is approximately 2.5m wide and up to 0.3m high. The banks and ditch are less substantial towards the eastern end of this part. A shallow ditch running north-south bisects the northern half of the enclosure. South of the road, the banks have been ploughed over and the enclosure is visible as a slight ditch about 4m wide and 0.2m deep.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31497

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Villy, F, 'The Bradford Scientific Journal' in The Bradford Scientific Journal, , Vol. III 4, (1911), 104-110

End of official listing