Two bowl barrows one immediately north and one 100m south of Commonmoor Cottage forming part of a round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1018516
Date first listed:
15-Feb-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows one immediately north and one 100m south of Commonmoor Cottage forming part of a round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
Torridge (District Authority)
Parish:
East Putford
National Grid Reference:
SS 37257 17566, SS 37258 17439

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited damage as a result of ploughing and modern interference, the two bowl barrows near Commonmoor Cottage survive comparatively well and form part of a well preserved and extensive round barrow cemetery in a prominent ridge top location. Archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed survives in and under these mounds.

Details

This monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes two bowl barrows, one immediately north and one 100m south of Commonmoor Cottage, located on a high upland ridge overlooking the valley of a tributary to the River Torridge. This pair form part of a round barrow cemetery which occurs as a cluster of barrows on this ridge. Other barrows within the cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings. The northernmost barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 37.8m in diameter and is 1.5m high. It partially underlies an access lane and field boundaries which meet at the apex of the barrow. The south western part of the mound has been cut by landscape features, septic tanks and a building which is no longer extant. The surrounding quarry ditch, from which material to construct the mound was derived, survives as a buried feature. The southern barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 34.7m in diameter and is 1.6m high. The surrounding quarry ditch is preserved as a buried feature. The field boundaries crossing the mound, the surface of the access road to Commonmoor Cottage and the septic tank are excluded from the monument, although the ground below the boundaries and road and around the septic tank is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
30345
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS31NE21, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS31NE39, (1986)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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