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Round barrow on Hasting Hill, 230m west of Hasting Hill Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow on Hasting Hill, 230m west of Hasting Hill Farm

List entry Number: 1018639

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Sunderland

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 06-Oct-1978

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32044

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow on Hasting Hill is an example of a barrow in a prominent position. Although disturbed by excvavation in 1911 and by the insertion of a triangulation point, the barrow which has already provided evidence of a large number of burials and evidence of Neolithic activity, and will contain further archaeological evidence for dating and the environment in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the round barrow on Hasting Hill, 230m west of Hasting Hill Farm. It occupies the highest point on the hill at its western end above a magnesian limestone quarry. The barrow is of earth and stone construction. It stands to a height of 1m and has an Ordnance Survey triangulation point inserted into the top around which some erosion has occurred. The barrow is circular with a diameter of c.12m. It is believed to have no surrounding bank and ditch. The barrow was excavated by Trechmann in 1911; 10 burials were found interred in the barrow along with pottery of Neolithic and Bronze Age date, and bone and flint tools. The barrow lies about 400m north west of a group of crop marks identified as an interrupted ditch enclosure and cursus, which is believed to be of Neolithic date.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Manby, T G, 'Archaeologia Aeliana' in Neolithic Pottery From Hasting Hill, Co. Durham, , Vol. 5, I, (1973), 219-222
Trechmann, C T, 'Archaeologia Aeliana' in Prehistoric burials in the county of Durham, , Vol. 3, XI, (1914), 135-156
Young, R, 'Trans Architect and Archaeol Soc of Durham and Northumberland' in An Inventory of Barrows in County Durham, , Vol. 5, (1980), 10

National Grid Reference: NZ 35265 54448

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018639 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Jun-2018 at 04:40:49.

End of official listing