Two bowl barrows 150m south east of Warrenhill Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018674

Date first listed: 16-Apr-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 150m south east of Warrenhill Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Forest Heath (District Authority)

Parish: Herringswell

National Grid Reference: TL 71672 68599

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the two bowl barrows 150m south east of Warrenhill Farm have been reduced in height and spread by ploughing the remains of the mounds, the soils buried beneath the mounds and the fills of the buried ditches surrounding them will retain archaeological information concerning their construction and the manner and duration of their use, together with evidence for the local environment. The proximity of the barrows to a number of other barrows in the Breckland region give them additional interest. Together these barrows give evidence of the character, development and density of the prehistoric population in this area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows on ground which slopes to the north east, approximately 250m to the west of an Icknield Way path.

The most westerly barrow is visible as a low earthen mound, which stands to a height of approximately 0.8m and covers a roughly circular area with a maximum diameter of 55m. A second bowl barrow approximately 65m to the ESE of the first is also visible as a roughly circular earthern mound, with a height of about 0.7m and a maximum diameter of 53m. The mounds of both barrows have been spread by ploughing and are thought to overlie the ditches which originally encircled them and which will now survive as buried features.

Both barrows are marked on the 1837 Ordnance Survey 1st edition map as two small contour rings with a further larger rise to the south west. These may represent the `Threhowes' mentioned in a 14th century document relating to Herringswell.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31111

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Livett, R G C, 'East Anglian Notes and Queries' in Some 14th Century Documents Relating To Herringswell, , Vol. 10, (1904)
Other
Title: Ordnance Survey 1st Edition 1" Source Date: 1837 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Suffolk Records Office
Title: Ordnance Survey 1st Edition 1" Source Date: 1837 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Suffolk Records Office

End of official listing