Northern Pind Howe round barrow on Danby Rigg, 680m north east of Rock House


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018741

Date first listed: 09-Jan-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1998


Ordnance survey map of Northern Pind Howe round barrow on Danby Rigg, 680m north east of Rock House
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Danby


National Grid Reference: NZ 70553 04392


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Northern Pind Howe round barrow is a good example of the type typically found on the North Yorkshire Moors. Excavation of round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the mound. Most barrows include a small number of grave goods. These are often small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also occasionally been found.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial mound located on the north side of a plateau forming the summit of Danby Rigg. A second barrow, also called Pind Howe, lies on the south side of this plateau, 180m to the SSE. A third larger barrow known as Wolf Pit lies on a saddle across the Rigg, 800m to the south. These barrows are the subject of separate schedulings. The barrow is intervisible with the southern Pind Howe, with both sited on top of the north-south orientated ridge, marking the northern and southern sides of the summit of the rigg. The northern Pind Howe has also a good view northwards to the other Bronze Age monuments on the lower northern extent of Danby Rigg. These are also the subject of separate schedulings. The barrow itself survives as a 7m diameter earth and stone mound standing up to 1m high with a 3m diameter, 0.5m deep central hollow. Excavations of other barrows have shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of barrows frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30163

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing