Neolithic long barrow 700m north of Thoresway Grange Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018861

Date first listed: 16-Apr-1999


Ordnance survey map of Neolithic long barrow 700m north of Thoresway Grange Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2018 at 14:40:15.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: West Lindsey (District Authority)

Parish: Thoresway

National Grid Reference: TF 16586 98293


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds, generally with flanking ditches. They acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC), representing the burial places of Britain's early farming communities, and as such are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary activities preceding the construction of the barrow mound, including ditched enclosures containing structures related to various rituals of burial. It is probable, therefore, that long barrows acted as important spiritual sites for their local communities over considerable periods of time. The long barrows of the Lincolnshire Wolds and their adjacent regions have been identified as a distinct regional grouping of monuments in which the flanking ditches are continued around the ends of the barrow mound, either continuously or broken by a single causeway towards one end. More than 60 examples of this type of monument are known; a small number of these survive as earthworks, but the great majority of sites are known as cropmarks and soilmarks recorded on aerial photographs where no mound is evident at the surface. Not all Lincolnshire long barrows include mounds. Current limited understanding of the processes of Neolithic mortuary ritual in Lincolnshire is that the large barrow mound represents the final phase of construction which was not reached by all mortuary monuments. Many of the sites where only the ditched enclosure is known have been interpreted as representing monuments which had fully evolved mounds, but in which the mound itself has been degraded or removed by subsequent agricultural activity. In a minority of cases, however, the ditched enclosure will represent a monument which never developed a burial mound. As a distinctive regional grouping of one of the few types of Neolithic monuments known, these sites are of great value. They were all in use over a great period of time and are thus highly representive of changing cultures of the peoples who built and maintained them. All forms of long barrow on the Lincolnshire Wolds and its adjacent regions are therefore considered to be of national importance and all examples with significant surviving remains are considered worthy of protection.

Although the long barrow 700m north of Thoresway Grange Farm is no longer visible on the ground, its buried and infilled ditch and internal ritual area will retain rare and valuable archaeological deposits including human remains. These will provide evidence relating to the barrow's date of construction, period of use and the religious practices of its builders. Environmental evidence preserved in the same contexts may illustrate the nature of the landscape in which the monument was set. The long barrow is one of a large group of similar monuments focussed on the prehistoric trackway now formalised as the B1225 (High Street) and on the river valleys of the Lincolnshire Wolds, and has a particular relationship with those of the valleys of the Croxby and Waithe Becks. Comparisons between these barrows may have considerable implications for the study of communications, settlement and demography during the Neolithic period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the buried remains of a Neolithic long barrow 700m north of Thoresway Grange Farm. It is on a south east facing hillside at the head of a dry valley between the Croxby and Swallow Becks. Although the monument is no longer visible on the ground, its infilled and buried ditch can be clearly seen from the air as a soilmark. This variation in the colour of the plough soil indicates the presence of buried features and has been recorded on aerial photographs since 1979. The area of the barrow is defined by a roughly trapezoidal ditch orientated SSE-NNW and measuring approximately 50m long by 25m wide overall, with convex terminals. The long sides of the ditch are slightly thickened and the circuit is complete. The absence of a causeway suggests that this may be an example of the simpler form of Lincolnshire Wolds long barrow. The long barrow is thought to be one of a group of similar monuments associated with the valleys of the Waithe and Croxby Becks.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29745

Legacy System: RSM


oblique monochrome print, Everson P, Frame 17, (1970)
vertical monochrome print, Clyde Surveys Ltd, 8308.1.078, (1983)

End of official listing