Cross dyke 870m north west of Burton Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019197

Date first listed: 10-Jan-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cross dyke 870m north west of Burton Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kingston Deverill

National Grid Reference: ST 84761 38008

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

The cross dyke 870m north west of Burton Farm is well preserved and is a good example of this type of monument, providing an important insight into the division of land in the later prehistoric period. It will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a length of cross dyke situated 870m north west of Burton Farm, on Cold Kitchen Hill, the eastern end of a ridge of Middle Chalk to the north of the upper reaches of the Wylye valley. The cross dyke survives as an earthwork 120m long running north east from the top of a coombe cut into the south facing slope of the hill. Beyond this it has been reduced by ploughing and is visible as a soilmark. The earthwork comprises a ditch 0.5m deep and 4m wide flanked to the south by a bank 0.5m high and 4.5m wide. The scheduling includes only the best preserved section of the cross dyke, where it remains as an earthwork as the quality of surviving remains in the levelled area is unclear. Other linear boundaries in the area are the subjects of separate schedulings. All fenceposts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31687

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, (1957), 253

End of official listing