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Moat Farm moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moat Farm moated site

List entry Number: 1019207

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Condover

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jun-2000

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33810

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Moat Farm moated site is a well-preserved example of this class of monument, encompassing the remains of a late medieval residence and its associated revetment wall. This wall is the finest and best preserved of its type in Shropshire. In addition to these structures, the moated island will retain structural and artefactual evidence of other contemporary and earlier buildings. The remains of all these structures, together with the artefacts and organic remains existing in the moat, will provide valuable evidence about the occupation and social status of the inhabitants. Organic remains surviving in the buried ground surface under the raised island and within the moat will also provide information about the changes to the local environment and the use of the land before and after the moated site was constructed. The importance of the site is further enhanced by medieval and post-medieval documentary sources which provide ownership information.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork, standing structural and buried remains of a medieval moated site. It is considered to be the manor of the Stapleton family, and passed to Edward Leighton in 1455. The Leightons held the manor until the 17th century when it was apparently sold to Lord Keeper Egerton and became a farm. The moated site is situated on level ground in an area of gently undulating land. The moat, which has been largely infilled, defines a rectangular island, 36m south west - north east by 42m north west - south east. Access onto the island is via a causeway that crosses the north western arm at its mid point. Material excavated from the moat was used to raise the surface of the island by about 2.5m above the level of the surrounding land. The sides of the island have been strenghtened by the construction of a revetment wall of dressed sandstone blocks. Considered to date to the 14th or 15th century, this wall stands up to 2.5m high, and has been repaired in several places with uncoursed rubble and brick. It is Listed Grade II and included in the scheduling. The timber-framed house in the south west corner of the island was also constructed in the 14th or 15th century and later remodelled in the 17th century. Its external walls sit on a sandstone block foundation, the lower courses of which are angled outwards, and define the edges of the island at this point. This building is a separate construction to the revetment wall which it abuts, although both structures would appear to have been built at the same time. The house is a Listed Building Grade II* and is not included in the scheduling. On the north west side of island, adjoining the house, and aligned with the entrance causeway, a timber-framed two-storeyed jettied gatehouse was constructed. The remains of this structure were demolished in about 1950. Opposite the house, on the northern part of the island, is an outbuilding of 17th century date, possibly incorporating some medieval stonework. It is a Listed Building Grade II. The earliest large scale Ordnance Survey map (published in 1882) indicates that much of the moat was infilled prior to that date, and the only arm to contain water was on the north eastern side. This arm, together with the south eastern arm is still waterlogged. The early Ordnance Survey map also shows that the arms of the moat were between 10m and 12m wide. The infilled arms of the moat survive as buried features and are included in the scheduling. Moat Farm farmhouse and the associated outbuilding, the driveway and yard surfaces, all ornamental garden features, the greenhouse and the base on which it sits, all fences and modern garden walls, the oil storage tank and the concrete blocks on which it stands, the utility poles, the water trough, and the water pump house are excluded from the scheduling; the ground beneath these features is, however, included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Oakley, R, 'Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological Society' in The Old Moat Farm, Stapleton, Salop, , Vol. 49, (1938), 43-48
Other
Mottram, DR, (1999)
Title: County Series Map Source Date: 1882 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SJ 45736 03514

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019207 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 01:25:13.

End of official listing