Long cairn on the south western slope of Dod Hill, 1km north east of The Dod
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Sep-2019 at 11:01:16.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- NT 98698 20644
Reasons for Designation
Long cairns were constructed as elongated rubble mounds and acted as funerary
monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (c.3400-2400 BC). They
represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as
such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present
landscape. Where investigated, long cairns appear to have been used for
communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been
selected for interment. Long cairns sometimes display evidence of internal
structural arrangements, including stone-lined compartments and tomb chambers
constructed from massive slabs. Some examples also show edge-set kerb stones
bounding parts of the cairn perimeter. Certain sites provide evidence for
several phases of funeral activity preceding construction of the cairn, and
consequently it is probable that long cairns acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of
long cairns and long barrows, their counterparts in central and eastern
England, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as a visible monument and due to their comparative
rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all
positively identified long cairns are considered to be nationally important.
The long cairn on the south western slope of Dod Hill, 1km north east of The Dod is well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits. It is a rare monument class in Northumberland and extends the distribution of long cairns into the north Cheviots. It will contribute to the study of Bronze Age burial and land use in this area.
The monument includes the remains of a long cairn of Bronze Age date. It is
located on the southern slopes of Dod Hill above the Lilburn Burn and has
extensive views to the south and east. The adjacent prehistoric and medieval
sites are the subject of separate schedulings. The cairn is triangular in plan
and aligned NNW by SSE. It measures 24m long, with its widest point at the
uphill, northern end measuring 14m wide and standing up to 1.5m high. The
cairn is formed of earth and stone.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Gates, T, 'Archaeologia Aeliana' in A Long Cairn On Dod Hill, Ilderton, Northumberland, , Vol. 5 ser 10, (1982), 210-11
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing