Burnt mound between Knottwell Sike and Bell Sike, 420m north east of Stotley Grange


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019461

Date first listed: 24-Nov-2000


Ordnance survey map of Burnt mound between Knottwell Sike and Bell Sike, 420m north east of Stotley Grange
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019461 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Jan-2019 at 22:45:35.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: County Durham (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Middleton in Teesdale

National Grid Reference: NY 97194 26619


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A burnt mound is an accumulation of burnt (fire-crazed) stones, ash and charcoal, usually sited next to a river or lake. On excavation, some form of trough or basin capable of holding water is normally found in close association with the mound. The size of the mound can vary considerably; small examples may be under 0.5m high and less than 10m in diameter, larger examples may exceed 3m in height and be 35m in diameter. The shape of the mound ranges from circular to crescentic. The associated trough or basin may be found within the body of the mound or, more usually, immediately adjacent to it. At sites which are crescentic in shape the trough is normally found within the `arms' of the crescent and the mound has the appearance of having developed around it. The main phase of use of burnt mounds spans the Early, Middle and Late Bronze Age, a period of around 1000 years. The function of the mounds has been a matter of some debate, but it appears that cooking, using heated stones to boil water in a trough or tank, is the most likely use. Some excavated sites have revealed several phases of construction, indicating that individual sites were used more than once. Burnt mounds are found widely scattered throughout the British Isles, with around 100 examples identified in England. As a rare monument type which provides an insight into life in the Bronze Age, all well-preserved examples will normally be identified as nationally important.

The burnt mound between Knott Well Sike and Bell Sike, 420m north east of Stotley Grange survives well and will retain important archaeological information concerning Bronze Age beliefs and practices. There are several other burnt mounds in the locality, and together they form part of a more extensive prehistoric landscape in Upper Teesdale which includes burnt mounds, cairns, field systems and hut circles.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a burnt mound at a spring in rough pasture north east of Stotley Grange, between Knottwell Sike and Bell Sike. It is grass and moss covered and measures 10m by 7m, and 0.7m high, with a central hollow. There are at least three other burnt mounds in this pasture, which are the subjects of separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34360

Legacy System: RSM


burnt mounds near Stotley Grange, Laurie, T, Burnt Mounds, (2000)

End of official listing