An Iron Age defended settlement and associated cultivation terraces 230m south west of Cadeleigh Court

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019544

Date first listed: 13-Apr-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Feb-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of An Iron Age defended settlement and associated cultivation terraces 230m south west of Cadeleigh Court
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Mid Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Cadeleigh

National Grid Reference: SS 91761 07309

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. Univallate sites have a single bank and ditch, multivallate sites more than one. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are likely to be identified as nationally important.

The defended Iron Age settlement and its associated cultivation terraces 230m south west of Cadeleigh Court survive well and will contain archaeological information relating to both the construction and use of the monument, as well as environmental evidence concerning the local area during the time of the settlement's occupation.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes an Iron Age defended settlement and associated cultivation terraces situated on a hillslope overlooking The Burn, a tributary to the River Dart. The monument survives as an oval enclosure defined by a bank and ditch, containing building platforms, together with some cultivation terraces to the south and south west and a single lynchet to the north. Associated remains of Iron Age settlement have been recorded some 300m to the east; these are the subject of a separate scheduling. The enclosure measures 91m long north east to south west by 46m wide north west to south east. It is defined to the north by a bank up to 4.5m wide, 1m high internally and 0.4m high externally. Beyond is an outer ditch visible to the north and west, although largely preserved as a buried feature, which measures up to 9.6m wide and 0.3m deep. On the eastern side the rampart is preserved beneath a present field boundary and skirts the top of a natural slope; there is no apparent ditch on this side. Within the enclosure, it is possible to distinguish the sub-circular shaped indentations of up to five terraced building platforms, measuring up to 9m in diameter. To the south of the enclosure is a cultivation terrace immediately adjacent to the rampart which measures up to 11.5m wide and is defined on its southern side by a small bank. This terrace runs parallel to the slope but is cut by and does not extend beyond the field boundary to the east. To the south west is a further cultivation terrace, up to 40m long and 25m wide running parallel to the hillslope. It appears to peter out to the west and north. To the north of the enclosure lies one further small length of lynchet up to 0.4m high and cut by both the northern and eastern field boundaries.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34262

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS90NW4, (1998)

End of official listing