Cairn 240m north of Crownley Parks

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019588

Date first listed: 07-Mar-2002

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairn 240m north of Crownley Parks
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Teignbridge (District Authority)

Parish: Ilsington

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 76861 75925

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite partial excavation, the cairn 240m north of Crownley Parks survives comparatively well and will contain environmental and archaeological information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cairn situated on the crest of a south facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Lemon. The cairn survives as a 17.8m diameter stoney mound standing up to 1.4m high. An irregular shaped hollow in the centre of the mound may be the result of partial robbing, an early undocumented excavation or the addition of stones cleared from the surrounding area. The modern fence surrounding the monument forms the edge of the scheduling. The fence itself is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34423

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX77NE77, (1985)

End of official listing