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Three round barrows 320m south west of Trelagossick

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three round barrows 320m south west of Trelagossick

List entry Number: 1019610

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Veryan

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Nov-2000

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32932

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three round barrows 320m south west of Trelagossick survive reasonably well. Despite reduction of the mounds and infilling of the external ditches by ploughing, and disturbance of the top of the north eastern barrow, the mounds remain substantially intact. The underlying old land surfaces, and any original deposits associated with the mounds, the old land surfaces, and the bases of the ditches, will also remain. The location on a ridge top illustrates well the important role of topography in Bronze Age funerary activity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The scheduling includes three prehistoric round barrows situated on a slight south west slope on the crest of a spur between two streams north of Veryan. The barrows are very closely spaced and form an alignment north east-south west, formerly bisected by a medieval type field boundary between the north eastern and central barrows. The barrow to the north east has an earth and stone mound visible on the ground some 15m in diameter and 0.5m high; however aerial photographs reveal the barrow's greater extent defined by a buried external ditch about 3m wide and giving an overall diameter of approximately 28m. Aerial photographs also show a cropmark a few metres across in the centre of the mound, considered to represent a buried hollow or trench resulting from an antiquarian excavation. The central barrow has an earth and stone mound visible on the ground some 18m in diameter and 0.5m high, with similar evidence from aerial photographs for a buried external ditch about 3m wide, giving an overall diameter of approximately 30m. The south western barrow has an earth and stone mound visible on the ground some 19m in diameter and 0.6m high, again shown by aerial photographs to have a buried external ditch about 3m wide, giving an overall diameter of approximately 26m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
SW 94 SW 3, Quinnell, N, Ordnance Survey Index Card, (1977)
SW 94 SW 3, Quinnell, NV, Ordnance Survey Index Card, (1977)
Title: Cornwall Mapping Project Source Date: 1996 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1880 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1907 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Veryan Tithe Apportionment Source Date: 1840 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 896, 897

National Grid Reference: SW 92140 41440

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019610 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 12:20:54.

End of official listing