Round 790m north east of Trebollack

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019612

Date first listed: 24-Nov-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round 790m north east of Trebollack
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Michael Penkevil

National Grid Reference: SW 89421 44233

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall, where many more examples may await discovery. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Consequently, sites with significant surviving remains will normally be considered to be of national importance.

The round 790m north east of Trebollack survives reasonably well. Despite incorporation of part of the enclosing bank in a woodland boundary, substantial earthworks survive. The old land surface underlying the bank, and remains of any buildings, structures and other deposits associated with the bank and largely buried external ditch, and with the interior, will survive.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The scheduling includes a later prehistoric to Romano-British round, situated on a fairly steep north east slope, above a stream running into the upper River Fal. The round is oval in plan, measuring approximately 65m north west-south east by 45m north east-south west overall. It has an enclosing bank of earth and stone, visible around the north side as a scarp up to 4.7m high, and around the south as part of a more extensive modern stone-faced woodland boundary bank, 2.4m wide and 1.2m high on the outside, 0.6m high inside. By analogy with similar sites, the round is considered to have an external ditch, largely buried but incorporated in a ditch along the uphill side of the woodland boundary on the south side, where it is 2.5m wide and 0.4m-0.5m deep. The interior of the round has a moderate north east slope.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32934

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Title: Cornwall Mapping Project Source Date: 1996 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Lamorran Tithe Apportionment Source Date: 1840 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: u 27
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1880 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing