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Stone alignment 350m east of Newgate Foot

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Stone alignment 350m east of Newgate Foot

List entry Number: 1019628

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Allerston

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Jan-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Nov-2000

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34536

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones set in a single line, or in two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred metres in length. They are often sited close to prehistoric burial monuments, such as small cairns and cists, and to ritual monuments, such as stone circles, and are therefore considered to have had an important ceremonial function. Stone alignments were being constructed and used from the Late Neolithic period to the Middle Bronze Age (c.2500-1000 BC) and provide rare evidence of ceremonial and ritual practices during these periods. Due to their rarity and longevity as a monument type, all examples that are not extensively damaged will be considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance, the stone alignment 350m east of Newgate Foot has surviving archaeological deposits which will contain information about the original form and use of the monument. It is one of only a very few stone alignments which have been identified on the North York Moors and is therefore an important example of the diversity of ritual practice in this area during the prehistoric period. The stone alignment is situated close to a cairnfield which also includes ritual and funerary monuments. Associated groups of monuments such as this provide valuable insight into the use of the landscape for social and ritual purposes.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a stone alignment situated on a gentle south-facing slope below Blakey Topping, at the south west corner of Langdale Forest. The alignment is visible as four upright stones, which are roughly-hewn sandstone boulders. On the west side of the monument there are two stones, aligned SSW to NNE up the slope. The northern stone stands 0.8m high, although it would once have been higher, the top having been broken off in the past. It measures 0.7m by 0.35m in section, with its long axis oriented north west to south east. The southern stone is situated 15m to the SSW and is 1.7m high, but leans to the north east. It measures 0.9m by 0.4m in section, and faces the same direction as the northern stone. On the east side of the monument there are also two stones. The southern stone is incorporated into a field boundary bank and is situated about 20m to the south east of the southern stone on the west side of the monument. It stands 1.3m high above the top of the field boundary bank and leans slightly to the south. In section it measures 0.8m by 0.5m with the long axis oriented east to west. The northern stone on the east side stands 1.1m high, and measures 0.7m by 0.5m in section. It is not in its original position, having been relocated in the past for use as a gatepost, and it is now situated about 85m to the north of the southern stone on the east side. Originally there would have been more stones in this alignment, but these have been removed in the past to clear the ground for agriculture or for reuse in field boundaries. These would either have continued the curving line formed by the three surviving in situ stones, or would have been situated in one of two parallel rows 18m apart, one of which is defined by the two stones on the west side of the monument. A field boundary marked by a bank with a fence on either side runs north to south across the east side of the monument. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hayes, R H, 'North East Yorkshire Studies: Archaeological Papers' in Some Mesolithic Sites On The North York Moors, (1988), 14-16
Martlew, R D, Ruggles, C L N, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in Ritual and Landscape on the West Coast of Scotland, , Vol. 62, (1996), 117-132
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
Other
12116,
Pacitto, A L, AM107, (1982)

National Grid Reference: SE 87198 93380

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019628 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 06:13:45.

End of official listing