Round barrow in Harwood Dale Forest known as Penny Howe

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019678

Date first listed: 15-Nov-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Mar-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow in Harwood Dale Forest known as Penny Howe
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Harwood Dale

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 96277 99161

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow in Harwood Dale Forest, known as Penny Howe has survived well. Information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrow's association with similar monuments nearby provides insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary activity across the landscape during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which is situated on Middle Jurassic sandstone at the eastern edge of the North York Moors, on a gentle south-facing slope. The barrow has a well-defined earth and stone mound which now stands up to 1.3m high and measures 19m in diameter. Formerly, the mound was 21m in diameter, but it has been reduced in size by forestry ploughing at the edges. The northern edge of the mound has also been truncated by a forestry drainage ditch. However, the full extent of the original barrow mound is included as buried remains may survive beneath the forestry ploughing. Partial excavation in the past has left a hollow in the centre of the mound. The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric monuments, including further barrows as well as field systems and clearance cairns.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34565

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
7864,
Title: Forestry Commission Areas North York Moors Archaeological Survey Source Date: 1992 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Site 5.1

End of official listing