Coaxial fields forming part of Shapley Common coaxial field system, 720m north of Hookney Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019999

Date first listed: 11-Dec-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Coaxial fields forming part of Shapley Common coaxial field system, 720m north of Hookney Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Teignbridge (District Authority)

Parish: North Bovey

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 69905 81886

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are some of the major features of the Dartmoor landscape. The reaves are part of an extensive system of prehistoric land division introduced during the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They consist of simple linear stone banks used to mark out discrete territories, some of which are tens of kilometres in extent. The systems are defined by parallel, contour and watershed reaves, dividing the lower land from the grazing zones of the higher moor and defining the watersheds of adjacent river systems. Occupation sites and funerary or ceremonial monuments are often incorporated in, or associated with, reave complexes. Their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation, land divisions and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They show considerable longevity as a monument type, sometimes surviving as fossilised examples in medieval field plans. They are an important element in the existing landscape and, as such, a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The coaxial fields forming part of Shapley Common coaxial field system, 720m north of Hookney Tor survive well and contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the exploitation of the area between two broadly contemporary later prehistoric settlements.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a group of at least three coaxial fields situated on a north facing slope of Shapley Tor overlooking the valley of the River Bovey. The fields form part of a more extensive field system known as the Shapley Common coaxial field system. The field system includes four parallel reaves leading towards a terminal reave. The field walls vary in character, but generally survive as earthworks with occasional protruding orthostats. These walls are up to 2m wide and stand 0.4m high. Further areas of the Shapley Common coaxial field system are the subject of separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34432

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 111

End of official listing