Enclosed prehistoric settlement 150m south east of Hookney Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020008

Date first listed: 11-Dec-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Enclosed prehistoric settlement 150m south east of Hookney Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Teignbridge (District Authority)

Parish: North Bovey

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 69949 81165

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosed prehistoric settlement 150m south east of Hookney Tor survives well and lies very near Grimspound, the best known late prehistoric settlement on Dartmoor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an enclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on a south facing slope of Hookney Tor overlooking Grimspound. The enclosure survives as a 30m long by 20m wide oval shaped area denoted by a 1.8m wide double orthostatic wall standing up to 0.7m high. Two of the stone hut circles survive as 0.6m high rubble banks each surrounding a circular internal area measuring 4.2m and 4.3m in diameter. The third hut is represented by a substantial kink in the enclosure wall deviating around a 6m diameter platform.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22375

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 105

End of official listing