Three stone hut circles 340m west of Hen Tor forming part of a partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020052

Date first listed: 16-Oct-2000

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Mar-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three stone hut circles 340m west of Hen Tor forming part of a partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams (District Authority)

Parish: Shaugh Prior

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 58997 65256

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three stone hut circles 340m west of Hen Tor survive comparatively well and together with a rich array of nearby features form part of an archaeological landscape in which the three major periods of human activity on the Moor are represented. This area is a popular visitor destination.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes three stone hut circles forming part of a partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on a gentle north west facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Plym. The stone hut circles survive as banks of earth and stone each surrounding a circular internal area. The interior of the western stone hut circle measures 4m in diameter and the surrounding 0.9m wide wall stands up to 0.3m high. The south eastern wall of this building is joined to another hut which survives as a 3m diameter internal area defined by a 1.4m wide wall standing up to 0.6m high. The third stone hut circle lies 8m ESE of the second building and has a 2.8m diameter interior surrounded by a 1.3m wide and 0.6m high wall. A gap in the surrounding wall which faces south west, is probably an original doorway; it is lined on the western side, and is partly blocked by a fallen orthostat. Other archaeological features surviving within the vicinity of this monument are the subject of separate schedulings. This monument is in the care of the Secretary of State.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24227

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, (1995)
Thackray, C., The Upper Plym Valley: The management of an historic landscape, 1994, Archaeological Site Inventory
Thackray, C., The Upper Plym Valley: The management of an historic landscape, 1994, Archaeological Site Inventory

End of official listing