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Irthlingborough bowl barrow, 760m west of Rutland Lodge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Irthlingborough bowl barrow, 760m west of Rutland Lodge

List entry Number: 1020235

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Northamptonshire

District: East Northamptonshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Irthlingborough

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Sep-1992

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Sep-2001

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13667

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although partially disturbed by the railway cutting, the barrow mound is essentially undamaged and will retain considerable potential for the preservation of archaeological evidence.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Irthlingborough bowl barrow is located approximately 1km to the north east of the village of Irthlingborough and lies on the east side of a disused railway cutting. This Bronze Age bowl barrow stands as a round mound up to 2m high in the centre and is about 40m across at its maximum diameter. Remains of a ditch approximately 2m wide can be seen around the barrow on the north, east and south sides. On the west side the ditch was truncated by a railway cutting built in 1847 but the mound of the barrow is complete. Three other round barrows are known to have existed within 400m of this site but these were excavated prior to gravel quarrying. The mound is covered with grass and weeds and is preserved within a fenced island in the gravel workings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Info supplied by John Humble CEU, EH CEU, Stanwick/ Irthlingborough Excavations Information, (1985)

National Grid Reference: SP 96626 71423

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020235 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 04:11:27.

End of official listing