Irthlingborough bowl barrow, 760m west of Rutland Lodge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020235

Date first listed: 09-Sep-1992

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Sep-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Irthlingborough bowl barrow, 760m west of Rutland Lodge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Northamptonshire

District: East Northamptonshire (District Authority)

Parish: Irthlingborough

National Grid Reference: SP 96626 71423

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although partially disturbed by the railway cutting, the barrow mound is essentially undamaged and will retain considerable potential for the preservation of archaeological evidence.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Irthlingborough bowl barrow is located approximately 1km to the north east of the village of Irthlingborough and lies on the east side of a disused railway cutting. This Bronze Age bowl barrow stands as a round mound up to 2m high in the centre and is about 40m across at its maximum diameter. Remains of a ditch approximately 2m wide can be seen around the barrow on the north, east and south sides. On the west side the ditch was truncated by a railway cutting built in 1847 but the mound of the barrow is complete. Three other round barrows are known to have existed within 400m of this site but these were excavated prior to gravel quarrying. The mound is covered with grass and weeds and is preserved within a fenced island in the gravel workings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13667

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Info supplied by John Humble CEU, EH CEU, Stanwick/ Irthlingborough Excavations Information, (1985)

End of official listing