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Civil War redoubt 750m south east of East Linnacombe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Civil War redoubt 750m south east of East Linnacombe

List entry Number: 1020269

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Sourton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Dec-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Apr-2002

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34287

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

English Civil War fieldworks are earthworks which were raised during military operations between 1642 and 1645 to provide temporary protection for infantry or to act as gun emplacements. The earthworks, which may have been reinforced with revetting and palisades, consisted of banks and ditches and varied in complexity from simple breastworks to complex systems of banks and inter- connected trenches. They can be recognised today as surviving earthworks or as crop- or soil-marks on aerial photographs. The circumstances and cost of their construction may be referred to in contemporary historical documents. Fieldworks are recorded widely throughout England with concentrations in the main areas of campaigning. Those with a defensive function were often sited to protect settlements or their approaches. Those with an offensive function were designed to dominate defensive positions and to contain the besieged areas. There are some 150 surviving examples of fieldworks recorded nationally. All examples which survive well and/or represent particular forms of construction are identified as nationally important.

The Civil War redoubt 750m south east of Linnacombe survives well and is known from partial excavation to contain important archaeological and environmental information relating to its construction and use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a Civil War redoubt situated in an elevated position with wide views overlooking Dartmoor and the valley of the River Thrushel. The monument survives as a double ditched, square-shaped enclosure with a square central platform measuring 13.9m across and 0.7m high, topped by a slight bank up to 3.6m wide and 0.2m high. Surrounding the square platform is a 2m wide and 0.2m deep ditch, beyond which is a second bank 1.8m wide and 0.2m high, which is visible on all sides except the west, and a second ditch up to 2.4m wide and 0.3m deep, visible to the north, south and east but preserved as a buried feature to the west. A slight bank to the south west may indicate the original entrance. The earthwork, which resembles that of the Scots Redoubt, Newark, dated 1646, was possibly erected in 1642 to guard the Cornish side of Okehampton. Partial excavation in 1986 showed that the outer ditch was much less substantial than the `V'-shaped inner one, and tip lines in the inner ditch indicated that there had once been a substantial bank around the central platform. Medieval pottery was also discovered. A stock proof fence crosses the monument on its western side. This is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath this feature is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX59SW2, (1994)

National Grid Reference: SX 54592 91916

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020269 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 07:19:06.

End of official listing