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Burnt mounds at Moseley Bog, 380m north east of Moseley New Pool

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Burnt mounds at Moseley Bog, 380m north east of Moseley New Pool

List entry Number: 1020542

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Birmingham

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Jul-2002

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 35111

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A burnt mound is an accumulation of burnt (fire-crazed) stones, ash and charcoal, usually sited next to a river or lake. On excavation, some form of trough or basin capable of holding water is normally found in close association with the mound. The size of the mound can vary considerably; small examples may be under 0.5m high and less than 10m in diameter, larger examples may exceed 3m in height and be 35m in diameter. The shape of the mound ranges from circular to crescentic. The associated trough or basin may be found within the body of the mound or, more usually, immediately adjacent to it. At sites which are crescentic in shape the trough is normally found within the `arms' of the crescent and the mound has the appearance of having developed around it. The main phase of use of burnt mounds spans the Early, Middle and Late Bronze Age, a period of around 1000 years. The function of the mounds has been a matter of some debate, but it appears that cooking, using heated stones to boil water in a trough or tank, is the most likely use. Some excavated sites have revealed several phases of construction, indicating that individual sites were used more than once. Burnt mounds are found widely scattered throughout the British Isles, with around 100 examples identified in England. As a rare monument type which provides an insight into life in the Bronze Age, all well-preserved examples will normally be identified as nationally important.

The burnt mounds at Moseley Bog, 380m north east of Moseley New Pool are well-preserved examples of a pair of mounds located adjacent to a water source They are expected to preserve evidence for their construction and use, as well as evidence of associated settlement remains and buried land surfaces which will provide important evidence of their relationship to Bronze Age society. In addition the waterlogged conditions will preserve environmental and organic evidence such as weeds, pollen and seeds which will further our understanding of the prehistoric environment surrounding these sites.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the known extent of the buried and earthwork remains of two burnt mounds at Moseley Bog. Located in an area of public open space lying adjacent to the banks of the Coldbath Brook, orientated east to west, the mounds include two deposits of burnt and heat-crazed cobbles approximately 11m apart from centre to centre, which straddle the Brook. The westernmost mound is concentrated largely to the south of the Brook and is approximately circular and about 13m in diameter. The easternmost mound is visible in section on the north bank of the stream and is smaller, measuring approximately 3.3m in section in section. The matrix of the westernmost mound, composed of compacted stones up to 0.7m deep, has been exposed in the banks of the stream and overlies an orange siltey clay base. A resistivity survey in 1998 confirmed the extent of the westernmost mound on the north side of the stream and located a possible former stream channel to its north. Whilst on the south side of the stream an area of low resistance may indicate the location of a pit or trough lying beneath the easternmost mound. Carbon 14 dates have confirmed that the deposits are approximately 3000 years old. The modern timber walkway and stream revetment are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SP 09343 82043

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 05:51:09.

End of official listing