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Post-medieval animal pound 430m south of East Soar Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Post-medieval animal pound 430m south of East Soar Farm

List entry Number: 1020576

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Malborough

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Oct-2002

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34886

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The term animal pound is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word `pund' meaning enclosure, and is used to describe stock-proof areas for confining stray or illegally pastured stock and legally-kept animals rounded up at certain times of the year from areas of common grazing. The earliest documentary references to pounds date from the 12th century, and they continued to be constructed and used throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods. Most surviving examples are likely to be less than three centuries old, and most will have fallen into disuse in the late 19th or early 20th century. Animal pounds are usually located in villages or towns though some lie in more open locations, particularly on the edge of old woodlands and commons. Construction methods vary according to the availability of building materials: stone, brick, fencing, iron railings and earthworks being used to enclose areas ranging from 4m by 6m to over 0.5ha. The walls are normally about 1.5m high, although greater heights are not uncommon as attempts to prevent poundbreach. In addition to stock control, animals were sometimes taken as a `distress' (seizure of property in lieu of debt or to enforce payment) and kept under the care of the pinder or hayward until redeemed. Pounds are usually unroofed and have a single entrance, although some have additional low entrances to allow the passage of sheep and pigs while retaining larger stock. Other features include rudimentary shelters for the pound-keeper, laid floors, drainage channels, troughs and internal partitions to separate the beasts. Animal pounds are widely distributed throughout England, with particular concentrations in the west and Midlands. About 250 examples are known to survive in fair condition, with perhaps another 150 examples recorded either as remains, or from documentary evidence alone. Pounds illustrate a specialised aspect of past social organisation and animal husbandry, and reflect the use and former appearance of the surrounding landscape. All examples surviving in good condition, particularly those supported by historical evidence for ownership and function, are considered worthy of protection.

Despite slight damage, the post-medieval animal pound and earthwork 430m south of East Soar survive well. The walls and earthworks will contain information relating to the construction of the site, while the interior of the pound is likely to contain environmental deposits relating to its use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a post-medieval animal pound containing remains of a 19th century shippon and an earthwork which lies immediately to its south west. The monument is located on the south side of a shallow valley with spectacular coastal views to the east. The pound is located in the corner of a field where a spring rises, its side walls each measuring 12m long, from 0.4m to 0.7m wide and up to 2m high. The third side is a curving stone faced bank from 0.4m to 2m wide and 1.7m high, with two entrances. A third narrow entrance pierces the north wall at its east end. A small open fronted linhay was built in the north west corner of the pound in the early 19th century, its roof supported on vertical stone slabs. A manger of vertical stone slabs 1.2m high, set edge to edge, survives at the rear of the building. An earthwork just south west of the animal pound is believed to have been an associated shepherd's hut and survives as a square mound of earth and stones measuring 10m wide and surviving up to 1m high with a central depression 4.5m wide and 0.4m deep. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
MPP fieldwork by R Waterhouse, Waterhouse, R, (2000)

National Grid Reference: SX 72026 36671

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020576 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 09:22:14.

End of official listing