This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Two double stone alignments, cairn and standing stone 700m south west of Laughter Hole Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two double stone alignments, cairn and standing stone 700m south west of Laughter Hole Farm

List entry Number: 1021047

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Jan-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Sep-2003

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34459

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones set in single file or in avenues of two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred metres in length. They are often physically linked to burial monuments, such as small cairns, cists and barrows, and are considered to have had an important ceremonial function. The Dartmoor alignments mostly date from the Late Neolithic period (c.2400-2000 BC). Some eighty examples, most of them on the outer Moor, provide over half the recorded national population. Due to their comparative rarity and longevity as a monument type, all surviving examples are considered nationally important, unless very badly damaged.

Despite some earlier robbing and restoration, the two double stone alignments, cairn and standing stone 700m south west of Laughter Hole Farm survive comparatively well and will contain information relating to the ritual use of this area during the prehistoric period. This ritual complex lies between broadly contemporary settlements and this group of monuments therefore together provide a valuable insight into the character of prehistoric funerary, ritual and agricultural exploitation of this area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two double stone alignments, a cairn and standing stone situated on a south facing slope of Laughter Tor overlooking the valley of the East Dart River. The eastern alignment is orientated from north west to south east and includes a 164m long, double alignment of at least 23 upright stones, with an average height of 0.23m. The spacing of the stones is irregular and the distance between the rows is 1.7m. A small cairn with a tall standing stone built into its centre stands at the north west end of this stone alignment. The cairn measures 5.5m in diameter and 0.2m high, whilst the standing stone is 2.65m high, 0.7m wide by 0.52m thick. The standing stone was re-erected in 1893 and again in 1911. The cairn was excavated in 1903 by Robert Burnard who found considerable quantities of charcoal.

The second stone alignment lies to the south of the standing stone and is also orientated approximately north west to south east and includes a 10m long double row of at least ten upright stones with an average height of 0.05m. The spacing of the stones is irregular and the distance between the rows is 1m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 58
Other
Title: Duchy Farms Survey - Brimpts Farm Source Date: 1988 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 1:10000 plan

National Grid Reference: SX 65285 75360

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1021047 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 12:09:32.

End of official listing