Prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Outer Huccaby Ring and associated irregular aggregate field system

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1021050
Date first listed:
01-Jan-1971
Date of most recent amendment:
08-Sep-2003

Map

Ordnance survey map of Prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Outer Huccaby Ring and associated irregular aggregate field system
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
West Devon (District Authority)
Parish:
Dartmoor Forest
National Park:
DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference:
SX 65544 74428, SX 65730 74315

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Outer Huccaby Ring and associated irregular aggregate field system survive comparatively well. A number of similar settlements and field systems survive on this part of Dartmoor and together they provide an important insight into the character of settlement and land use on the fringes of the more substantial coaxial field systems.

Details

The monument includes an enclosed prehistoric settlement known as Outer Huccaby Ring and associated irregular aggregate field system situated on a west facing slope overlooking the valley of the West Dart River. The monument lies in two separate areas of protection. Outer Huccaby Ring survives as an oval enclosure denoted by a 3m wide bank standing up to 0.8m high. Adjoining the inner face of the northern bank is a stone hut circle and cutting through the enclosure are two leats associated with nearby Brimpts Mine. The irregular aggregate field system is situated to the east of Outer Huccaby Ring and survives as a group of at least three irregular shaped fields denoted by earthworks measuring up to 2m wide and 0.4m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
34462
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 56
Other
Title: Duchy Farms Survey - Brimpts Farm Source Date: 1988 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 1:10000 plan

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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