Two stone hut circles and a length of associated walling 620m south east of Cuckoo Rock, forming an outlying part of a prehistoric settlement

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021059

Date first listed: 08-Sep-2003

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two stone hut circles and a length of associated walling 620m south east of Cuckoo Rock, forming an outlying part of a prehistoric settlement
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Sheepstor

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 58945 68465

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles and length of associated walling 620m south east of Cuckoo Rock survive comparatively well and together with other nearby settlement sites and ceremonial monuments provide an important insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two stone hut circles and a length of associated walling situated on a gentle west facing slope of Eylesbarrow overlooking the valley of the Narrator Brook. The stone hut circles form an outlying part of an enclosed prehistoric settlement and are connected to each other by a 1.6m wide bank with large protruding stones standing up to 0.55m high.

The northern stone hut circle survives as a 1.2m wide circular bank with an average height of 0.4m surrounding an internal area measuring 8m in diameter. A south facing gap denoted on the east by a 1m high orthostat represents an original doorway. The southern stone hut circle has an internal diameter of 2.5m denoted by a 1.9m wide rubble bank standing up to 0.5m high. A SSW facing gap from which a 2.8m long wall leads represents a doorway with porch.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34472

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 69

End of official listing