Stone hut circle and field system 580m north west of North Creaber, forming part of a coaxial field system on Buttern Hill


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:


Ordnance survey map of Stone hut circle and field system 580m north west of North Creaber, forming part of a coaxial field system on Buttern Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

West Devon (District Authority)
National Park:
National Grid Reference:
SX 65737 88509

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are some of the major features of the Dartmoor landscape. The reaves are part of an extensive system of prehistoric land division introduced during the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They consist of simple linear stone banks used to mark out discrete territories, some of which are tens of kilometres in extent. The systems are defined by parallel, contour and watershed reaves, dividing the lower land from the grazing zones of the higher moor and defining the watersheds of adjacent river systems. Occupation sites and funerary or ceremonial monuments are often incorporated in, or associated with, reave complexes. Their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation, land divisions and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They show considerable longevity as a monument type, sometimes surviving as fossilised examples in medieval field plans. They are an important element in the existing landscape and, as such, a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle and field system 580m north west of North Creaber, forming part of a coaxial field system on Buttern Hill survive comparatively well and will contain information relating to the use of this area during the prehistoric period. The field system is one of three major blocks of coaxial fields surviving on this part of Dartmoor and provides a useful contrast to its larger neighbours.


The monument includes part of a coaxial field system, an associated stone hut circle and a short length of the Bradford Leat together with a small clapper bridge, situated on the east facing slope of Buttern Hill. The coaxial fields form part of the Buttern Hill coaxial field system and survive as rubble banks with occasional protruding orthostats. At least two distinct fields survive within the monument and within the western one is a stone hut circle. This survives as a circular double orthostatic wall surrounding an internal area measuring 7.3m in diameter. The wall itself is 1.4m wide and stands up to 0.95m high. The eastern edge of this stone hut circle has been cut by the Bradford Leat which carried water to the tinwork at Bradford Pool (SX70009100) from Wildtor Well (SX63008758). This leat was the subject of a well-documented court case during the latter part of the 17th century, following which the leat was abandoned. Two slabs robbed from the stone hut circle have been laid across the leat to form a small clapper bridge measuring 2.1m long by 1.6m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 143
Costello, L M, 'Transactions of the Devonshire Association' in The Bradford Pool Case, , Vol. 113, (1981), 59-77
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (2002)


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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