Bowl barrow 550m south east of Hill Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021304

Date first listed: 26-Nov-2004

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 550m south east of Hill Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: City of Peterborough (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Eye

National Grid Reference: TF 24801 06159

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 550m south east of Hill Farm is well preserved, having been protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay, and will contain a wealth of information relating to the barrow's construction, the manner and duration of its use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site. Buried soils underneath the mound will retain valuable archaeological evidence concerning landuse in the area prior to the construction of the barrow, while organic deposits preserved in the ditch will shed light on environmental conditions (eg climate, flora and fauna) since the construction of the barrow. The monument has additional importance as part of a diffuse barrow landscape at Eye and Thorney.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated approximately 550m south east of Hill Farm. The barrow has been covered and protected by later deposits of marine clay and peat, from which the mound now emerges. It is visible as a slight gravel rise of approximately 0.2m high and 22m in diameter. Several pieces of ploughed up worked flint have been found on top of the mound. The deeper lying remains of the barrow are preserved underneath the Fen deposits and include an encircling ditch from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound. The ditch has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature. By comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in the region, the ditch is thought to measure approximately 5m wide. The barrow is situated on a gravel peninsula along the prehistoric Fen edge, a location that, with its mixture of wetter and drier grounds and easy access along the waterways, attracted prehistoric activity. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow landscape at Eye and Thorney, other elements of which are subject to separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 33378

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing