Bowl barrow 780m east of Bar Pasture Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021309

Date first listed: 26-Nov-2004


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 780m east of Bar Pasture Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: City of Peterborough (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Thorney

National Grid Reference: TF 26009 02467


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 780m east of Bar Pasture Farm is well preserved, having been protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay, and will contain a wealth of information relating to the barrow's construction, the manner and duration of its use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site. Buried soils underneath the mound will retain valuable archaeological evidence concerning landuse in the area prior to the construction of the barrow, while organic deposits preserved in the ditch will shed light on environmental conditions (eg climate, flora and fauna) since the construction of the barrow. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow landscape at Eye and Thorney.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated approximately 780m east of Bar Pasture Farm. The barrow has been covered and protected by later deposits of marine clay and peat, from which the mound emerges. It is visible as a slight gravel rise, which measures 28m in diameter and 0.3m high. The deeper lying remains of the barrow are preserved underneath the Fen deposits and include two encircling ditches separated by a slight bank. The two ditches, which were dug to supply earth in the construction and enlargement of the mound, have become infilled over the years, but survive as buried features. By comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in the region, they are thought to measure 4m wide. The bank is believed to measure 1m wide. The barrow is situated on a gravel peninsula along the prehistoric Fen edge, a location that, with its mixture of wetter and drier grounds and easy access along the waterways, attracted prehistoric activity. The monument is part of a difuse barrow landscape at Thorney and Eye, other elements of which are subject to separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 33389

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing