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Prehistoric enclosed settlement 740m north west of Hartland Tor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Prehistoric enclosed settlement 740m north west of Hartland Tor

List entry Number: 1021335

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Jun-2004

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34494

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite being incomplete, the prehistoric enclosed settlement 740m north west of Hartland Tor survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to this area during the prehistoric period. A natural depression within the enclosure will be a particularly rich source of environmental and possibly cultural information. The settlement forms part of a discrete cluster of broadly similar enclosures.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument comprises a prehistoric enclosed settlement situated on an east facing slope overlooking the valley of the East Dart River. The enclosure survives as an incomplete oval shaped area denoted by a rubble wall measuring up to 3m wide and standing up to 0.4m high. The interior of the enclosure measures 85m north-south by 95m east-west and contains at least two stone hut circles. Both stone hut circles measure internally 4.6m in diameter and have clearly defined entrances. A post and wire fence within the northern part of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground below is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 161-162

National Grid Reference: SX 63766 80576

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1021335 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Jun-2018 at 04:39:54.

End of official listing