Prehistoric enclosed settlement 740m north west of Hartland Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021335

Date first listed: 22-Jun-2004

Map

Ordnance survey map of Prehistoric enclosed settlement 740m north west of Hartland Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 63766 80576

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite being incomplete, the prehistoric enclosed settlement 740m north west of Hartland Tor survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to this area during the prehistoric period. A natural depression within the enclosure will be a particularly rich source of environmental and possibly cultural information. The settlement forms part of a discrete cluster of broadly similar enclosures.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument comprises a prehistoric enclosed settlement situated on an east facing slope overlooking the valley of the East Dart River. The enclosure survives as an incomplete oval shaped area denoted by a rubble wall measuring up to 3m wide and standing up to 0.4m high. The interior of the enclosure measures 85m north-south by 95m east-west and contains at least two stone hut circles. Both stone hut circles measure internally 4.6m in diameter and have clearly defined entrances. A post and wire fence within the northern part of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground below is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34494

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 161-162

End of official listing