This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Old Barrow on Old Barrow Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Old Barrow on Old Barrow Down

List entry Number: 1021356

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Withypool and Hawkridge

National Park: EXMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Nov-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Jun-2004

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33076

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows'). Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge - whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.



Despite the mound of the barrow having been disturbed by what is believed to have been antiquarian activity, the bowl barrow known as Old Barrow survives comparatively well. It will contain environmental evidence and archaeological deposits relating to the monument and the wider landscape in which it was constructed. Additionally, Old Barrow has been a significant feature in the landscape ever since its construction as its place-name, which is probably of Saxon origin, suggests.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Old Barrow, a bowl barrow located on the summit of Old Barrow Down. The barrow occupies a prominent and lofty position with extensive views in all directions including eastward across the valley of the River Barle. The barrow, which is of prehistoric date, is formed by a circular bowl-shaped mound of earth and stone with recorded dimensions in 1995 of 1.2m in height and 20.9m in diameter. The mound has been disturbed by two circular cuttings which have left depressions 1.5m wide and 0.3m deep. This disturbance may be the result of unrecorded antiquarian excavation in an attempt to define a kerb within the barrow mound; this type of activity has been noted elsewhere on Exmoor. In keeping with other barrows of similar construction in the region the mound will be surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. Although the ditch is no longer clearly visible at ground level it will survive as a buried feature up to 2m wide, giving the barrow an overall diameter of 24.9m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Smerset Archaeological and Nat.Hist Society' in Somerset Barrows Part 1, , Vol. 113, (1969), 42
Other
RCHME Exmoor survey, R Wilson-North, RCHME Field Investigation, (1995)

National Grid Reference: SS 84085 32447

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1021356 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 08:13:45.

End of official listing