The Lock Up
List Entry Summary
This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.
Name: The Lock Up
List entry Number: 1022162
East Street, Lacock, SN15 2LF
The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District Type: Unitary Authority
National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.
Date first listed: 20-Dec-1960
Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-2016
Legacy System Information
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System: LBS
This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.
List entry Description
Summary of Building
A late C18 village lock up.
Reasons for Designation
The Lock Up, East Street, Lacock, which is thought to date from the late C18, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Architectural interest: as an interesting example of a village lock up, with pleasing detailing; * Degree of survival: despite some repairs, the lock up survives mostly intact; * Historic interest: as a reminder of early methods of maintaining law and order in rural areas; * Group value: with the adjacent tithe barn (Grade I) are other listed buildings.
Lock-ups or blind houses (so called for their dim interiors) are small buildings built as temporary holding places for offenders being brought before the local magistrate, and also for the incarceration of drunkards, vagrants and people disturbing the peace. They were often built by the parish or a wealthy local resident. The earliest recorded examples date from the C13, and most fell out of use in the mid-C19 when they were made redundant by the formation of a regular police service.
This lock-up in Lacock is thought to date from the late C18.
A late C18 village lock-up.
MATERIALS AND PLAN: built of ashlar stone and is square on plan.
DESCRIPTION: a small, square building with coursed ashlar walls with low plinth and band at band at cornice level, and a domed ashlar roof surmounted by a ball finial. There are two buttresses to the north, and to the west the lock-up is joined to the adjacent tithe barn by a wall with a timber door giving access to the lock-up.
The door, with iron studs and thick straps with decorative ends, opens into a small flagged yard, which is roofed with an iron grille. The studded door into the lock-up itself is in a chamfered surround, and inside is a lavatory and modern timber bed. The lock-up is window-less but has a high ventilation hole.
Books and journals
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Wiltshire, (1999), p. 289
Pastscape no. 21260, accessed 19.09.16 from https://pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=212160&sort=4&search=all&criteria=lacock%20barn&rational=q&recordsperpage=10
Wiltshire and Swindon Historic Environment Record no. MW14809, accessed 19.09.16 from http://www.wiltshire.gov.uk/artsheritageandlibraries/museumhistoryheritage/wiltshireandswindonhistoricenvironmentrecord/wshermap.htm?a=d&id=16287
National Grid Reference: ST9164568471
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1022162 .pdf
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End of official listing