- Heritage Category:
- Listed Building
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Statutory Address:
- HIGHER ALLERTON
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- Statutory Address:
- HIGHER ALLERTON
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- South Hams (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 76367 61606
Farmhouse. Probably late C16 or early C17, possibly earlier origins, remodelled and extended in C18 and with C19 alterations. Local limestone rubble, rendered at front and slate hung at right hand east end. Slate roofs with gable-ends to steeper pitched right end and grouted scantle slate to lower pitched hipped left end. The wing to the front left is also hipped and the parallel rear range and a gable-ended roof. Black-glazed ridge tiles. Moulded cast-iron gutters to right of front with lion masks at the joints. Brick shafts to the stacks; 2 rear lateral stacks, one axial stack near left end and side stack to front wing. Plan: The original late C16 or early C17 house was probably a 3-room plan facing SSW, the lowered ground level to the right. But it is uncertain which was the service end and where the passage was situated. The hall was at the centre and heated from a rear lateral stack. There is an end stack to the left hand room and a rear lateral stack to the right hand room but there may have been added in the C18 remodelling. The stair tower behind the right end of the hall beside the lateral stack appears to have been part of the late C16 or early C17 house (straight masonry joints on the rear wall). In the C18 the house was remodelled which may have involved a rearranged room use. The stair tower was retained and has an C18 framed staircase with access from the hall which now has a doorway opposite the stairs on the front. The right hand room seems to have been extended later (possibly in early C20) for use as a drawing room, and the left hand room was probably the parlour in the C18. At the same time in the C18 a shallow 2 storey parallel range was added at the back incorporating the stair tower and engulfing the lateral hall stack. This service range contained the kitchen behind the left hand room, a large cupboard in the remaining space behind the lateral hall stack, and a small unheated room behind the right hand room. Also C18 is the service range at the left and which projects at the front of a 1-room plan wing and has a single storey lean-to at the back containing the pantry and a small walled yard adjoining at the left end. the house was altered again in the C19 especially the hall which was refashioned in the late C19 apparently by T C Kellock who is said to have brought in the C16 and C17 features. There is a former barn with an engine house at the back of the right hand end of the house linked to the house by a cartway to the farmyard which has been blocked to form a room giving access to the barn via the small unheated rear room and lean-to at its end. The barn has been converted into a room in which panelling has been installed, said to have come from the Guildhall in Totnes. Exterior: 2 storeys. Asymmetrical 5-window front plus wing to left. First floor has 3 C18 3-light casements to right with leaded panes and one similar single-light window to left, C20 metal casement to left of centre. The ground floor has a C19 verandah across the front, except for the left end, with a hipped slate roof on slim cast-iron columns, the centre section in front of a doorway is now glazed and flanked by 2 early C20 wooden bay windows with leaded panes. To the left also under the verandah a small 2-light window, and to left a C20 metal frame window formerly a doorway still with a gabled hood above. The projecting wing to left has a C20 metal casement on ground floor and similar on first floor of inner face. In the angle a C20 conservatory. At the slate-hung right hand gable end which was extended possibly in early C20, there is a 2-storey gabled bay window flanked by a pentise roof on the ground floor supported on 2 different reused octagonal granite piers with moulded bases and capitals. Rear Elevation: 3 light C18 casement with leaded panes to right. the rest of the back is taken up by the parallel range which has 1,2 and 3-light C18 casements with leaded panes and an C18 2-light stair window to left with a square head and alte C19 stained glass. This window is in the blocking of an earlier window suggesting that there the stair tower is earlier than the back range; there are straight masonry joints on either side of the stair tower and a slate plinth at the base. To the right of the back range a C20 glazed door with a mounting block to its left. In the angle with the main range to the right is a single storey lean-to outshut (the pantry). Set back to the right the rear gable end of the wing has C18 casements with leaded panes. At the back of the right hand end of the house there is a single storey block, which is a blocked cartway with a gable-ended roof with a clock tower on the ridge with a tent shaped hipped roof with a bell finial and slate-hung sides and slate clock faces to the front and back; below is a b locked cartway entrance with a chamfered wooden lintel. The former barn adjoining at rear has a slate hung front, large 3-light Gothic window in the gable end with intersecting glazing bars and a semi-circular former engine house at the back with a raised roof and a red brick stack. Interior: The hall has 2 moulded cross-beams set on corbels and one half beam over the screen to the left with 2 ogee and hollow mouldings and bar stops, the bars on the half beam and the right hand beam are on one side only and the stops on the right hand beam have scratch pattern of intersecting diagonals. The joists have 2 ogees and a roll moulding without stops. The partition screen at the left end of the hall is panelled with linenfold carving on the top and bottom panels, the cornice is richly carved and the carving above has moulded ribs and moulded plaster arms and florae in the panels. This screen continues into the C18 addition at the rear therefore is not in situ and on the other side in left hand room the screen is covered in C18 fielded and moulded panelling with pilasters. At the back end of the screen a shouldered head doorway is exposed with a diagonally stopped chamfer. The other screen on the right hand end of the hall has linenfold carving in the top panels only. The ornate rear lateral chimney piece is made up from various carved pieces; the jambs have late C17 or early C18 festoon drops and the overmantel has panels with interesting stylized figures probably Flemish or Italian; inside the fireplace some blue and white Dutch tiles. There are various other C19 and reused carved details in the hall. The stair tower at the back of the hall to the right has a wide early C18 dog-leg framed staircase with turned balusters, moulded string and handrail ramped to square newels. The right hand room has been extended probably in early C20 and has an Italian mosaic set into the back wall, behind which is a C16 6-light wooden window frame with very closely spaced chamfered mullions with mason's mitres, not rebated for glass, and diagonally stopped on the outside which is now within the small room behind. This room has a reused moulded ceiling beam. The other back room behind the left hand end is the kitchen and has reused moulded cross beams with double rolls alternating with hollows. At the left end of the kitchen a pantry with iron bars and a C17 moulded 8-panel door leading outside. The doorway between the kitchen and the front room has a fielded 3-panel door. On the first floor an almost complete set of C18 fielded 2-panel doors. The first floor room to the rear left has a bolection moulded chimney piece with a fielded panel frieze and moulded mantel shelf. The front left hand wing has an C18 chimney on the ground floor with a sort of Chippendale frieze with interesting lozenges and a dentilled cornice, the whole surrounded by a larger reused chimney piece with a fielded panel overmantel. The converted barn adjoin the rear of the right hand end has panelling said to have come from the Guildhall, Totnes. Roof: 3 trusses with straight principal rafters with mortices for threaded ridge piece and purlins; some are very closely spaced, morticed apex and dove-tail halving for the collars which are missing. There are mortices on 2 of the principals for collars but the corresponding principals opposite have dove-tail halving which suggests that the roof structure has been reassembled. The roof over the left hand end has soft wood trusses.
Listing NGR: SX7636761606
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.
End of official listing