CHURCH OF ST MARY

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1111455
Date first listed:
17-Nov-1966
Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST MARY, CHURCH ROAD

Map

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Location

Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST MARY, CHURCH ROAD

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Essex
District:
Tendring (District Authority)
Parish:
Little Bentley
National Grid Reference:
TM 12264 24938

Details

TM 12 SW LITTLE BENTLEY CCHURCH ROAD

7/84 Church of St. Mary 17/11/66 - I

Parish church. C12 Nave and Chancel with C13 rebuilding to Chancel. C13 North Aisle and North Chapel. Mid C15 West Tower. During C16 a Priests House adjoining the north aisle was removed and the wall heightened. C16 South Porch. C18 and later alterations and restorations. Mixed rubble including puddingstone with some Roman bricks and C16 brickwork. Dressings of Limestone and brick. Red tile, slate and lead roofs. Chancel. East wall, stone quoins. 3 C13 graduated lancet windows. North wall. The Roman brick quoins of the C12 Chancel are west of a C13 lancet. The south wall has 3 windows with a Cl9 chamfered round headed doorway between the eastern C13 lancet and early C15 window of 2 cinquefoiled lights with tracery under a 2 centred head. The low set western C16 window has a C19 cusped round head. North Chapel. C15 east window of 3 cinquefoil lights, vertical tracery over, 4 centred head and label, 2 C15 north windows of 2 cinquefoil lights, 2 centred heads, moulded labels. North aisle. Two 2 light eastern windows similar to those in the north chapel. Stone trefoiled panels to plinth. The western circa 1520 moulded red brick window of 2 lights in a 4 centred head, moulded label over. Further west is a similar circa 1520 doorway, now blocked. The jambs are of 2 chamfered orders. The Priests House formerly stood in this area. West wall crenellated and east gable crow stepped. Window in west wall of 2 cinquefoiled lights, tracery over similar to those in north wall. Nave, south wall, red brick buttresses to east and to east of south porch. Red brick parapet and band circa 1520. Red brick eastern window of 3 transomed 4 centred lights, moulded jambs, 4 centred head and label. South doorway circa 1520 of stone with moulded jambs and 4 centred head. Circa 1520 South Porch of red brick with crow stepped parapet, moulded jambs, 4 centred head with label over to outer doorway. Angle buttresses. Blocked return windows of 3 pointed lights under square heads, moulded labels. Crenellated West Tower of 3 stages with bands between. Gargoyles to parapet band. Angle buttresses to north west, south west and south east faces and a lower buttress to south east. North east stair turret with 4 small lights. Each face of the bell chamber has a C15 stone window of 2 cinquefoiled lights under a 2 centred arch. North, west and east second stage C15 red brick pointed lights. Stone C19 west window with original splays and rear arch, 3 cinquefoiled lights with vertical tracery over under a moulded 2 centred arch. C15 west doorway, stone moulded jambs and 2 centred arch, square head with moulded label, carved spandrels with foliage and shields. East face with grouting of former Nave roof. Interior. Chancel. East lancet windows with shafted splays and moulded arches. C19 stained glass to all windows. C19 painted barrel vault roof with moulded rib, carved bosses and moulded wall plate. Red and white diamond tiled floor. Turned and iron twist balusters to altar rails. C14 Piscina, hollow chamfered jambs and trefoiled head, one round, one octofoil drain. C14 Sedilia, recessed with double 2 centred head springing from central moulded corbel. 2 painted boards with Exodus verses to east wall. Late C16 helm with comb and visor on north wall. North wall, chamfered 2 centred archway, with chamfered imposts. A squint is cut through the east respond. Wall monuments to Mrs. Elizabeth Lidgauld and Mrs. Jane Spencer 1741 and Rev. Charles Lidgauld 1775. Long choir benches with poppyheads. Early C16 2 centred Chancel arch of 2 chamfered orders, moulded capitals and bases to semi-octagonal responds. Nave. Early C16 hammerbeam roof of 6 bays, moulded main timbers, moulded and crenellated wall plates, the hammerbeams carved with defaced angels holding shields are supported by curved braces with foliated spandrels and wall posts with figures holding shields. South wall circa 1520 rood loft staircase, rebated jambs to 3 centred arch doorway. Upper doorway blocked. C19 stained glass to windows, that to south 3 light window with crowns, roses and pomegranates. Octagonal oak pulpit, crenellated with tracery to panels. A wrought iron hour glass stand, possibly C17 attached to pulpit. Matching panelling encloses the pulpit and a poppyhead bench. Poppyhead pews, some original. Vertical boarding to lower south wall. Vertically boarded south door. Circa 1500 octagonal font, plain stem, moulded base. One panel with Pyrton shield of arms, the others alternate plain shields and rosettes. C13 North Arcade of 3 bays with chamfered 2 centred arches, circular columns, moulded capitals and bases, semi-octagonal responds. Large niche adjoining chancel wall. Brick floor throughout. North aisle. C17 table with moulded and turned legs, moulded and carved top rail. C14 or C15 large wooden chest with semi-circular lid, iron bound and nail studded, 3 locks, 2 bolts, end ring handles. Vertically boarded lower walls. C16 lean-to roof, of 5 bays with moulded timbers and wall plates. Said to be a wall painting, now covered. North Chapel. Lean-to roof. C15 archway to west wall, 2 centred of 2 chamfered orders, the inner resting on leopard head corbels. Circa 1647 Bayning vault and monument to Penelope and Paul, Viscount Bayning 1647, said to be below the chapel, of red brick with semi-circular barrel vault. Red brick floor. Floor slab of Sir William Pyrton 1490, brass figure of man in armour, lower part lost, with SS collar and portcullis hat, wife Katherine 1501, in widow's veil, shield of arms, said to be 5 sons and 5 daughters, but hidden by a cupboard at time of re-survey. Indents of other shields and inscriptions. C15 niche in north east corner, crocketed and finialed, trefoiled ogee head, hollow chamfered jambs and shelf. Glass, north window fragments of canopy work, borders and black letter inscriptions C15 and C17. West Tower. Tall chamfered 2 centred tower arch. Turret staircase doorway, 2 centre arched, C16 nailed 2 board door with scutcheon plate. C19 stained glass to window. Blocked opening to former ringing gallery in north wall. Second stage said to have a brick doorway opening onto roof. There are 5 bells, 3 by Robert Mott 1591 and one by Miles Gray 1625. RCHM 1.

Listing NGR: TM1226424938

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
120114
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of Essex North East, (1922)

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 06 Jun 2007
Reference: IOE01/16688/06
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr T. P. C. Bramer. Source Historic England Archive
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