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HENLEY BRIDGE

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: HENLEY BRIDGE

List entry Number: 1117419

Location

HENLEY BRIDGE, HART STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wokingham

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Remenham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 23-Dec-1983

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 41269

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This List entry was subject to a Minor Enhancement on 28/06/2017

SU 78 SE, 1/6

REMENHAM, HART STREET, Henley Bridge

G.V.

I

History

The C12 bridge was probably built by Henry II in the 1170s; in 1179 it was recorded that he ‘had bought land in Henley for making buildings’ (K A Rodwell (ed), Historic Towns in Oxfordshire, 1974, p125). The current road bridge was designed by William Hayward in 1781, who died in 1782 before work started. The keystones of Thamesis and Isis were carved by Anne Seymour Damer (1748-1828). Damer separated from her husband in the mid-1770s and went on to have a successful career as a sculptor. In the 1780s and 90s it became the subject of gossip in private diaries, letters and in print, that she had affairs with other women. From 1789 she had an intense and passionate friendship with Mary Berry, which continued for many years. Anne Damer was the cousin of Horace Walpole, and on his death inherited his Strawberry Hill House in Twickenham.

Details

Road bridge of 1786, designed by William Hayward, incorporating the easternmost span of the C12 bridge, with carved keystones by the sculptor Anne Seymour Damer.

Description: an ashlar stone five-span bridge. Each pier has a low projecting, domed buttress with rusticated treatment. The elliptical arches to each span have prominent keystones carved with the heads of Thamesis (facing downstream) and Isis (facing upstream). Above the arches is a dentil cornice beneath a stone balustrade, with rounded carved balusters. At both ends of the bridge, the balustrade bears metal lamp posts on each side with fluted plinths adorned with cherubs heads and four-sided lamps. Attached to each wing wall at both ends of the bridge are metal plaques instructing drivers of ‘engines’ crossing the bridge.

The south retaining wall of the east abutment is built in part on the intact easternmost span of the original C12 bridge. This has a segmental vault of shuttered flint rubble masonry with Barnack stone dressings. The arch on the south is of two square orders; that on the north is probably similar but is partially obscured by a C18 blocking wall.

Listing NGR: SU7637582642

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Rodwell, K A , Historic Towns in Oxfordshire, (1974), 125

National Grid Reference: SU 76375 82642

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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End of official listing