Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: II

List Entry Number: 1147288

Date first listed: 21-Oct-1982



Ordnance survey map of WASSES FARMHOUSE
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Braintree (District Authority)

Parish: Terling

National Grid Reference: TL 76088 15689


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Reasons for Designation

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8/109 Wasse's Farmhouse 21.10.82


House. Early to mid C16, altered in early C17 and C20. Timber framed, plastered, roofed with handmade red clay tiles. 2-bay hall range facing NE, and incomplete original crosswing to right, the front bay rebuilt in 1982. Early C17 2-bay crosswing to left, and internal stack at the junction. Hall range of one storey with attic, right crosswing of 2 storeys, left crosswing of 2 storeys with attic. 3 C20 casements on ground floor, 5 on first floor, including 2 in gabled dormers. C20 door. Grouped diagonal shafts. The hall range has jowled posts, part of the severed central tiebeam and brace to it (which are not smoke-blackened), an early C17 inserted floor comprising a chamfered axial beam with lamb's tongue stops, and plain joists of vertical section supported on pegged clamps; the roof has been rebuilt in softwood, the rear pitch to a shallower angle than the front. The right crosswing originally had 2 long bays and a short smoke-bay to the rear, but the front bay has been demolished and replaced by the 1982 part. It has jowled and chamfered posts with step stops, plain joists of horizontal section, a blocked original stair trap, and twin service doorways - one with hollow-moulded jambs and 4-centred arched head, and moulded outer frame, intact but blocked, the other just a residual fragment. Crownpost roof with thin axial bracing. Original wattle and daub partition in the roof between the smoke bay and the middle bay, heavily smoke-blackened. The left crosswing has jowled and chamfered posts with lamb's tongue stops, and chamfered axial beams with lamb's tongue stops at both floors; the attic is wholly plastered, but the roof appears to be rebuilt. The 2 ground floor hearths are much altered. This house is of a type rare in Essex. The absence of smoke-blackening in the hall range indicates the former existence of a timber-framed chimney, of which no trace remains. The placing of the main stack at the 'high' end is itself unusual. The original smoke bay is one of very few examples known in Essex. These 3 unusual features, all concerned with heating, provide valuable evidence of a process of experimentation in the C16 and early C17. RCHM 14.

Listing NGR: TL7608815689


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 115457

Legacy System: LBS

End of official listing