REMAINS OF CITY WALL AT REAR OF NO 11 AND NO 12 AND NOS 16 TO 23

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1167253
Date first listed:
24-Mar-1950
Date of most recent amendment:
15-Jan-2007
Statutory Address:
REMAINS OF CITY WALL AT REAR OF NO 11 AND NO 12 AND NOS 16 TO 23, ST SWITHUN STREET

Map

© Crown Copyright and database right 2020. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2020. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1167253.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 04-Jul-2020 at 07:00:24.

Location

Statutory Address:
REMAINS OF CITY WALL AT REAR OF NO 11 AND NO 12 AND NOS 16 TO 23, ST SWITHUN STREET

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Hampshire
District:
Winchester (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SU 48014 29147, SU 48055 29129

Details



869/5/288 ST SWITHUN STREET 869/6/288 CITY WALL 24-MAR-1950 REMAINS OF CITY WALL AT REAR OF NO 11 AND NO 12 AND NOS 16 TO 23 (Formerly listed as: ST SWITHUN STREET CITY WALL REMAINS OF CITY WALL AT REAR OF NO 12 AND NOS 16 TO 22) (Formerly listed as: ST SWITHUN STREET CITY WALL REMAINS OF CITY WALL AT REAR OF NO 12 AND NOS 16 TO 23)

II



869/5/288 ST SWITHUN STREET 869/6/288 CITY WALL 24-MAR-50 Remains of City Wall at rear of Nos 11 and 12 and Nos 16 to 22 (Formerly listed as: ST SWITHUN STREET CITY WALL Remains of City Wall at rear of No 12 and Nos 16 to 23)

II Remains of the Winchester city wall. The wall originally dates from the late 3rd century AD, but has been repaired and rebuilt throughout its history into the Saxon and medieval periods.

MATERIALS: The wall is composed of flint and limestone rubble. The original bonding is of lime mortar, but later pointing and repair has occurred in places, with the inclusion of some brick. It is orientated north west-south east.

DESCRIPTION: The wall which can be seen today is essentially the wall core without its original facing stones. For the majority of its length the wall acts as a property boundary or garden wall. At No. 12, however, the wall forms the south wall of the house itself, and a fragment of wall extends into the garden of No. 23 St Swithuns Street.

HISTORY: The wall has its origins in the late 1st century Roman earthwork which first marked out this defensive line. The first masonry wall replaced the earthwork in the late 3rd century. The wall continued through the Saxon and into the medieval period with necessary repairs being inserted. From C12 there were a major series of repairs and rebuilds, until the wall was partially dismantled in C18 when it lost its purpose as a defensive structure. It subsequently became incorporated into the houses and boundaries of the expanding city.

SUMMARY OF IMPORTANCE: This section of the city wall is significant in terms of the survival of evidence of the development defended towns in Britain, and in terms of its construction methods and materials. It preserves the line of the earliest defences of the city, and the rarity of survival of this type of structure is remarkable. Of importance also is the effect it had on the development of this part of Winchester, including its incorporation into a listed building in St. Swithun Street. Surviving town walls, in the context of walls considered for listing, are among the most important examples to be found.

SOURCES: F Barlow, M Biddle, O von Feilitzen, DJ Keene, Winchester in the Early Middle Ages (Winchester Studies 1, ed. M Biddle, Oxford, 1976), 272-7. D Keene, Survey of Winchester I (Winchester Studies 2, ed. M Biddle, Oxford, 1985), 42-8.

Listing NGR: SU4803029146

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
144487
Legacy System:
LBS

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 13 Jul 2005
Reference: IOE01/14688/06
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr David Matthews. Source Historic England Archive
Archive image, may not represent current condition of site.
To view this image please use Firefox, Chrome, Safari, or Edge.

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].