KING JOHN'S CASTLE

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: II*

List Entry Number: 1201162

Date first listed: 04-Mar-1952

Statutory Address: KING JOHN'S CASTLE, A38

Map

Ordnance survey map of KING JOHN'S CASTLE
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Location

Statutory Address: KING JOHN'S CASTLE, A38

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Tewkesbury (District Authority)

Parish: Tewkesbury

National Grid Reference: SO 88906 34119

Summary

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Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

TEWKESBURY

SO83SE A38, The Mythe 859-1/2/384 (West side (off)) 04/03/52 King John's Castle

II*

Detached house. Medieval and mid C16. Coursed lias stone, tile roof. PLAN: a former staircase tower, from the medieval building, to which abuts, on the W side, a cross-gabled Tudor house; the full width of the back has late C20 single storey additions. The title of 'Castle' seems to be a misnomer, as no firm evidence for a castle here. In 2 parts; to left a broad gabled front, and to right the tower. Windows generally are set flush, with stone recessed hollow-mould mullions and transoms, under drip moulds, and with diagonal leading. The gabled block, in 3 storeys with attic, has a small square light above a 3-light casement to the gable, and two 3-light casements, off-centre left, to the first and ground floors, paired under the drip-courses. To the right a C20 part-glazed door in a wide wood frame. A string runs full width at the base of the gables, which are not coped. EXTERIOR: the tower, in the same front plane, is in 3 slightly recessed stages with string courses. Ground floor has a lofty 2-light casement with transom, the string course slightly lifted over, and, at second floor left a blocked former doorway to a 4-centred head. A decorative cast-iron rainwater hopper and downpipe runs down this front. Return, left has a small square light to the gable, at first floor left a 12-pane sash in flush rough-worked stone surround, and a late C20 two-light casement ground floor, right, to concrete lintel and cill. To the left a single storey crenellated addition of 1991. The back has a decorative Tudor brick twin stack, joined at the cappings, on a stone base externally central to the gable, and a 2-light casement, left, to the staircase. The right return has a brick and tile C20 gabled extension to the right of the tower, which has various 2-light casements, disposed to correspond with stair or landing levels within. 3 casements to the top stage, 2 of these blocked, and 2 at the middle stage. The ground stage has a blocked door to 4-centred head to the left, and a small slit to dressed stone surround to the right. Beyond the tower a part of the E gable to the Tudor wing projects, and contains one small square light. INTERIOR: a narrow entrance hall, with a straight-flight stair to winders at the landings, has a principal room to each side. That to the left, formerly a kitchen, has a wide fire opening to heavy unmoulded lintel and surround, and an inserted partition set to a window mullion. To right the tower has a plain square room; no internal evidence for the supposed original staircase. At first floor the tower room has blocked doorway to 4-centred chamfered head on plain jambs, and door from staircase is similar, but has one jamb marked out to form a chamfer which was not cut. At the second floor to left of staircase is a heavy square-panel timber-framed partition containing 2 door openings, one, now filled, with a peaked head. The partition lies under one of the A-frame roof trusses. Room to left has a projecting plain stone fire surround with very deep overmantel with moulded cornice, and on brackets to the flat square jambs; to left, a deep square candle recess. The tower room has a blocked doorway similar to that on floor below. HISTORICAL NOTE: the Castle, probably the seat of the Manor of Mythe, belonged to the Abbey, and formerly also had a free-standing chapel. The extent of the earlier house is not known; reported that when additions were made to the N side, no remains of any kind were located during excavations. The tower had a fourth stage, removed in the early C19, when the remaining stages were also stepped back. In the mid C18 the Castle was replaced as the chief house of the estate by Mythe Court (qv), built just to the S. (Victoria County History: Gloucestershire: London: 1968-: 135; The Gentleman's Magazine: London: 1818-1820).

Listing NGR: SO8890634119

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 376558

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Page, W, The Victoria History of the County of Gloucester, (1968), 135
'Gentlemans Magazine' in Gentlemans Magazine, (1820)

End of official listing