PENNSYLVANIA CASTLE HOTEL WITH ATTACHED WALLS

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1203103
Date first listed:
16-Jan-1951
Statutory Address:
PENNSYLVANIA CASTLE HOTEL WITH ATTACHED WALLS, PENNSYLVANIA ROAD

Map

Ordnance survey map of PENNSYLVANIA CASTLE HOTEL WITH ATTACHED WALLS
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Statutory Address:
PENNSYLVANIA CASTLE HOTEL WITH ATTACHED WALLS, PENNSYLVANIA ROAD

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Dorset
District:
Weymouth and Portland (District Authority)
Parish:
Portland
National Grid Reference:
SY 69594 71103

Details

PORTLAND

SY6871 PENNSYLVANIA ROAD, Easton 969-1/4/46 (East side) 16/01/51 Pennsylvania Castle Hotel with attached walls

GV II

Large country house, now hotel. Built 1800 for John Penn (grandson of William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania USA) to designs of James Wyatt. Squared and coursed Portland stone, slate roofs with crenellated parapets. Compact long two-storey rectangle with small projecting corner turrets rising above centre; to the east (garden) side a large cylindrical tower, and a one-storey octagonal bay extension, and to S a crenellated one-storey extension and late C20 flat-roofed block in two storeys. Various additions on W (road) side. Gothic-style garden front has set-back 3-bay centre portion with small square 2-light casements with bars to interlaced heads above narrow single lancets above paired french doors with bars and interlacing as over. Late C20 glazed conservatory full-width between ends conceals ground-floor glazing. To right a small single light in canted wall connecting to round tower with 4 windows; 2-light casements in plat surrounds above paired French doors in similar surrounds. Plinth, moulded cornice at level of parapet to centre unit. Left is 2-light casement with bars and interlacing to upper part, above 3 arched lights in octagonal projection, as those in round tower. South front has single-storey unit with arched French doors to E and S, then one and 2-storey late C20 additions. West, road front with various additions includes at first floor seven 2-light casements with bars as to E front. Plan is long corridor to E, with circular room, tight open-well wooden staircase, and extended dining room to left, and main entrance hall with secondary rooms to right. Stone 4-centred arch fireplace in entrance hall, circular room (bar) has original cornice and 2 blank semi-circular flat recesses, good panelled door in architrave to hall. Dining room has good original cornice, later extended into octagonal bay, an inserted double pilaster fireplace, and moulded arch to corridor door. Various original panelled doors at both levels. An unusual plan form, with no 'grand' staircase, which has survived well the conversion to modern hotel use. Subsidiary features: on the north side a plain coped boundary wall c 2m high extends c 20m north, and is canted in to the square turret, with a gate opening; from the SW corner a rubble wall to c 2m curves round to enclose the garden, extending c 45m to the site boundary, with one simple opening near the N end. The building is set on a platform facing out to sea, and immediately above the ruins of the former St. Andrew's Church (qv). The original owner was Governor of Portland. The castle also appears, as 'Sylvania Castle' in Hardy's 'The Well-Beloved'. (Royal Commission on Historical Monuments: Dorset: London: 1970-: 253; Buildings of England: Pevsner N and Newman J: Dorset: London: 1972-1989: 342).

Listing NGR: SY6956471094

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
381996
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Inventory of Dorset, (1970), 253
Pevsner, N, Newman, J, The Buildings of England: Dorset, (1972), 342

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 06 Sep 2001
Reference: IOE01/05395/34
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Reg Perry. Source Historic England Archive
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