Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Uttlesford (District Authority)
Saffron Walden
National Grid Reference:
TL 53498 38608



TL5338 FRESHWELL STREET 669-1/1/155 (West side) 28/11/51 Freshwell House


Formerly known as: The Saffrons FRESHWELL STREET. House. Mid C16 and early C17, C18 refronting and C19 refurbishment. Timber-framed and plastered, brick, peg-tiled and slate roof. Plan U shape. 2 storeys and attics. Front E elevation: C18 facade, red brick with elegant voussoirs, 3 bays, centre breaks forward, pedimented, moulded wooden eaves cornice, hipped roof. Central wooden doorcase, dentilled pediment and `Gibbs' surround. 5 panel door, upper 2 glazed, lower 2 fielded. Outer bays have C19 tripartite sash windows, glazing bars, 1x4, 3x4, 1x4 panes. First floor, central 3x4 paned sash window, outer tripartite window, plain C19 sashes. C18 dormer windows over each outer bay, hipped roofs, now with C20 2-light casement windows 2x2 panes. Ground floor also has 4 C20 inserted oval windows with leaded glazing in central and N bay. N end, 2 storey lean-to, similar brickwork to rest but with burnt headers. Ground floor C20 2-light casement window with leaded glazing. First floor, early C20 2-light iron casement window, similar glazing. Rear W elevation: complex, all plastered. Street range has large lateral stacks at N end. To W, 2 wings. N wing low gabled roof with side stack and lower gabled wing to W with C19 shaped and pierced barge-boards and 2 ground floor fixed windows, leaded glazing and wooden labels. S wing, high, 2 storeys and attics, half hipped, `M' roof with stack seen in central gully. Attic, 2 late C19 2-light casement windows. First floor, 2 late C19 cross casement window with labels. Ground floor simple doorway with overlight, door of 4 panels, 3 upper glazed, adjacent flat roofed addition with continuous window 4 lights, upper transom with leaded glazed panels in `frieze'. Wings have link wall with slated lean-to with sky-light behind. N end elevation: to yard. Street range with rear stack has slated lean-to with 2 storey flat roofed addition with long first floor C20 4-light sliding sash window with leaded glazing. Below, segment headed doorway now with C20 casement window. To E, simple ground floor lean-to with C19 bead moulded, boarded door. To W, side stack to taller rear range has own gabled roof to flanks with C20 ground floor casement window, leaded glazing, similar window on first floor. Rear range has tall C20 lead glazed casement window. Lower (W) rear block has remains of C19 pargetting. First floor 2-light casement window, lead glazed with label. Ground floor fixed similar single light casement and C19 bead moulded boarded door with upper light. S end elevation: all timber-framed and plastered, 2 storeys, 3 bay range. Roof hipped at E end, half hipped at W. Central stack and early C19 doorway with flat cornice hood, overlight, door of 6 panels, upper 4 glazed, lower 2 fielded. Fenestration now irregular. Ground floor, E end, `Ipswich' window, leaded glazing. W end, 2 C20 cross casement windows. First floor, 2 similar windows, central and to W end. INTERIOR: much rebuilt in C18 and late C19. Oldest work is C16, timber-framed N end rear wing of 2 units, tension braced framing, jowled posts, floor of rear unit removed. S wing also timber-framed, was early C17 2 storey and attics 2 celled lobby entrance house facing S. E ground floor room has typical paired axial ceiling joists and early C17 wainscotting. C18 street range built linking older units. First floor central room has panelled dado and panelled doors, corner cupboard and wooden chimney-piece with eared architrave also contemporary. C19 and early C20 work includes the staircase in early C18 style, also projecting rear ground floor room with reeded doorway with paterae and reeded dado framing containing C17 wainscott panelling probably derived from early C17 wing.

Listing NGR: TL5349838608


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 13 Oct 2004
Reference: IOE01/13521/04
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Richard J. Turner. Source Historic England Archive
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