Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

North Devon (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SS 57033 27169


TAWSTOCK SS 52 NE 4/67 Wick Farmhouse (formerly listed - as Wick) 11.6.75 GV II*

Farmhouse. Probably early C15 origins remodelled and extended in 1638. Rendered stone rubble and cob. Thatch roof. Rendered stacks at each gable end and tall lateral hall stack with off-sets and clay pot. Half-hipped thatch roof to rear dairy wing. 3-room and through-passage former open-hall house plan with 2 adjoining service wings to rear of inner room and hall, the latter added in C17, the former possibly C18. C19 single storey kitchen wing to rear of lower end. 2 storeys. 5-window range. Principally C19 fenestration, 3-light casements to each floor except for two 2-light casements above and to right of doorway, all 6 panes per light to upper storey, 8 panes per light to ground floor. C20 porch with hipped slate roof. 4-panelled inner door. One 2-light and one 4-light C17 chamfered timber mullion window to rear upper storey of main range. Interior: good quality early C17 interior fittings largely belying earlier origins. Lower end fireplace has dressed stone jambs, large brick bread oven and chamfered bar-stopped lintel. Flagstone floor. Small 2-light chamfered mullion window to rear. Hall/through passage plank and muntin screen, 7 panels wide, the rear end panels renewed, with scroll-stopped chamfered muntins which have scratch mouldings on the hall side. Stop-chamfered cross ceiling beams to hall. Ovolo-moulded scroll-stopped fireplace lintel set under a higher chamfered lintel with diagonal stops. Dressed stone jambs. Hall/inner room ovolo moulded door surround with bar- scroll stops to each side. Ovolo-moulded door surround to doorway between inner room and service wing. Inner room fireplace has dressed stone jambs and ovolo- moulded scroll-stopped lintel with carved initials and date RW 1638 EW. Staircase to rear of hall, probably early C18 with original wooden treads, moulded handrail and turned newels. Stop-chamfered cross-beam to dairy wing. Ovolo-moulded door surround at head of stairs with triple-decoration above scroll-stopped durns. Chamfered bar-stopped door surround to chamber over inner room which has scroll- stopped ovolo-moulded fireplace lintel. Sections of moulded plasterwork cornice to each end of chamber over hall, to small dressing room adjoining and to rear passageway with stop-chamfered doorway at end to chamber over lower end. Most of the window openings retain their interior timber sills. Roof structure: impressively complete primitive probably early C15 roof structure over hall and lower end consisting of 3 raised cruck trusses with principals virtually square on section with square set ridge purlin to Alcock type H apex and 2 tiers of purlins unusually only resting on the backs of the trusses. All the roof members, including the underside of the thatch are thickly encrusted with soot and there is rare surviving evidence of a louvre with short timber board slightly raked to the main pitch of the roof to front side, set close to the ridge. The rafters directly opposite to the rear side have been replaced suggesting that the louvre originally straddled the ridge. Closed cob partition between hall and inner room rising to apex of roof is smoke-blackened on hall side. Although the truss over the inner room has been replaced in C17 with one principal formerly with threaded purlins and ridge purlin, the other principal replaced in the C20, it is highly probable that the house was originally open to the roof from end to end, the inner room ceiled first followed by the hall and lower end in the mid to the late C17, a process which would partly account for the extremely pronounced smoke-blackening over this end. 2 C17 trusses over rear dairy wing with 2 tiers of trenched purlins, diagonally set ridge purlin with morticed and tenoned collars. This is a particularly impressive farmhouse with an unusual and largely intact medieval roof structure and also fine quality C17 work.

Listing NGR: SS5703327169


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 22 Feb 2004
Reference: IOE01/11047/09
Rights: Copyright IoE Dr Ann Allen. Source Historic England Archive
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