MINISTRY OF DEFENCE, CONTAINING SIXTEENTH CENTURY UNDERCROFT AND HISTORIC ROOMS NUMBERS 13, 24, 25, 27 AND 79

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: I

List Entry Number: 1278223

Date first listed: 14-Jan-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Dec-1987

Statutory Address: MINISTRY OF DEFENCE, CONTAINING SIXTEENTH CENTURY UNDERCROFT AND HISTORIC ROOMS NUMBERS 13, 24, 25, 27 AND 79, HORSE GUARDS AVENUE SW1

Map

Ordnance survey map of MINISTRY OF DEFENCE, CONTAINING SIXTEENTH CENTURY UNDERCROFT AND HISTORIC ROOMS NUMBERS 13, 24, 25, 27 AND 79
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Location

Statutory Address: MINISTRY OF DEFENCE, CONTAINING SIXTEENTH CENTURY UNDERCROFT AND HISTORIC ROOMS NUMBERS 13, 24, 25, 27 AND 79, HORSE GUARDS AVENUE SW1

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: City of Westminster (London Borough)

National Grid Reference: TQ 30240 80010

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

TQ 3080 SW and 3079 NW CITY OF WESTMINSTER HORSE GUARDS AVENUE, SWl 83/80 ; 92/ 2 14.1.70 (Vaulted undercroft only) Ministry of Defence, containing C16 Undercroft and Historic Rooms: Nos 13, 24, 25, 27 and 79 G.V. I Government offices incorporating C.16 vaulted undercroft and C.18 historic rooms removed and reset from houses formerly on the site. Office building designed 1913 by Vincent Harris, only built after World War II, completed 1959. Portland stone ashlar facing, copper clad roofs. Stripped Edwardian Baroque and some more strictly classical features dressing vast pile. Long wedge shaped plan with slightly bowed north front and slightly convex south end. 8 storeys with 4 equally spaced 2 storey giant colonnaded top hampers, with pedimented terminal pavilions, running east-west, one over each end and 2 in between. 21-window wide main north entrance front. Very long regularly fenestrated side elevations. The top hampers define 3 internal courts. Tetrastyle portico in antis to centre of north front flanked by pylons supporting massive sculptures of "Earth" and "Water" by Charles Wheeler. Gibbs surround windows to ground floor; "Georgian" metal casements to plain upper floors. Reset historical features as follows. In the basement and formerly part of the ground floor of Cadogan House, a vaulted undercroft wine cellar of c.1530 originally part of York Place, residence of Cardinal Wolsey incorporated into Whitehall Place by Henry VIII, brick, quadripartite, chamfered cross and ridge ribbed vaults over 10 bays with 4 central octagonal stone piers, barrel-platforms in situ; exterior faced in C.18 stone dressed brick with segmental arched windows. Historic Room No. 13: c.1757, part of a suite of reception rooms from Pembroke House; lightly modelled decorative plaster ceiling and modillion cornice, the wall opposite window with Ionic columned and pilastered frame of an alcove with female mask keystone to arch beneath entablature and flanking bays with 6-panel doors surmounted by circular panels. Historic Room No. 24: c.1757, part of the Pembroke House suite; similar but elaborated alcove opposite bay window in tripartite arrangement with decorative flanking doors in frame of fluted Ionic columns on pedestals, suggesting a small stage set with appropriate carved masks and enrichment; good decorative plasterwork ceiling of spider's web pattern, the ceiling in the bay window a similar but independent composition; enriched modillion cornice; carved arabesque ornament to window shutter panels. Historic Room No. 25: former Dining Room of the Pembroke House suite, 1773 by Sir William Chambers with richly decorated plasterwork ceiling with trophies, festoons, tripods and sphinxes etc, but the chimneypiece, an elaborate composition with crowning shaped pediment to overmantel, attributed to William Kent and said to come from Cadogan House. Historic Room No. 27: former Saloon of the Pembroke House Suite, 1760 by Sir William Chambers with elaborate compartmented plasterwork ceiling with still in his early Palladian manner and Corinthian columned and pedimented doorway with carved enrichment. Historic Room No. 79: room formerly at Cromwell House, c.1722 - fully panelled room with enriched modillion cornice, the north wall with elaborated carved architrave central panel, the east wall with formerly open tripartite pilastered arcade, and ornate carved pine chimneypiece, consoles to mantle carved with eagle heads and pedimented overmantel, etc. Graded I for vaulted under- croft. Survey of London; Vol. XIII. Sir William Chambers; John Harris.

Listing NGR: TQ3024080010

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 210208

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Harris, J, Sir William Chambers Knight of the Polar Star, (1970)
'Survey of London' in The Parish of St Margaret Westminster Part 2 Neighbourhood of Whitehall Volume 1: Volume 13 , , Vol. 13, (1930)

End of official listing