NZ0516SW THE BANK
770-1/6/200 (East side)
24/02/50 Nos.38-44 (Even)
(Formerly Listed as:
Nos.38 AND 40-44 (Even))
Formerly known as: Nos.38-42 The Manor House THE BANK.
House and possible service wing, now 4 shops and 3 flats. Late
C17, probably incorporating earlier fabric (fire dated 1621)
with alterations probably mostly in C19. No.38 painted incised
stucco, Nos 40-44 ashlar with varied banded rustication with
ashlar dressings and projecting quoins; roof of stone slates
with stone ridge, stone gable copings and brick chimneys.
EXTERIOR: 3 storeys; 2:3:2-window range. No.38 at left
(possibly originally service wing) has quoins to left, late
C19 shop front with central door under shallow fascia, and
step up to half-glazed c1900 door at right. 8-pane sashes on
1st floor and small 6-pane windows with single opening lower
pane on 2nd floor all in plain reveals.
Nos 40-44 have quoins and banded rustication interrupted by
narrower banding to right part of No.42; low half-glazed
6-panel door at right with squat Mannerist Ionic pilasters on
jambs above rustication, and stone lintel carved in imitation
of voussoirs; to left, at same height, flat arch with
voussoirs suggesting door has been moved to right. Passageway
to Wycliffe Chapel Yard to 1st bay of No.44 has flat arch of 3
or 4 stones, carved in imitation of voussoirs and with narrow
rustication to jambs, left jamb with rustication continuous
with that of No.42, right jamb inserted into older rustication
of No.44. This suggests right part of No.42 altered at unknown
date when vehicle arch inserted or altered.
Shop fronts: domestic-type small canted bay window to No.40
with 4 pane sashes, stone plinth, and wood cornice. No.42 has
full-width late C19 projecting front with arched lights
flanking central recessed half-glazed door, and slender angle
shafts supporting small entablature. No.44 has half-glazed
door and overlight to left of projecting square window, with
slender panelled pilasters and entablature which breaks
forward over window. All upper windows have architraves, those
on 1st floor with moulded sills, and entablature with
pulvinated frieze forming sill of small 2nd-floor windows
except for 2nd bay of No.40, where there is no 2nd-floor
window. No.44 has 2nd-floor windows breaking through eaves in
dormers with pedimented gables; upper windows of Nos 40 & 42
may have been in this style since lintels show clear break
from jambs. 1st floor has sashes, 8-pane to Nos 40 & 42, and
plain to No.44. 2nd floor has horizontal sliding sash at left
of No.40, C20 plain glazing to No.42, and 3-over-6-pane to
sashes of No.44. Roof is continuous over all 4 houses, with
end gable copings on eroded block kneelers, the right with
concave foot for former finial. Inserted roof light to No.40.
Renewed brick ridge chimneys at ends and at right of each
Rear wings to each house, longer to Nos 38 & 44, show some
broad glazing bars (No.40); 1st-floor stone mullions to No.42;
stone surrounds and broad glazing bars to sashes of No.44;
inserted 3-light stone-mullioned window in No.38.
INTERIOR: No.38 front range has rear semicircular stone winder
stair leading to upper flight with closed string, incised C17
plank balusters and narrow grip handrail, and square newels
narrowing to collared chamfered hexagonal finials;
partly-blocked 2-light stone-mullioned stair window. C20 stone
corbels to chamfered cross-beam in ground floor with stepped
tongue stops; stone steps to cellar. Timber stud partition on
1st floor; 2nd floor, open to roof, has blocked gable light,
and small rectangular recess below central collared and halved
A-truss of C18 character with tie beam and 2 levels of
purlins; ridge set in angle between crossed principal rafters.
Rear wing, not restored at time of survey, has boarded door
with butterfly hinges, and elaborate cast-iron grate in 1st
floor, and roof with halved trusses and 2 levels of purlins.
No.40 has ground-floor plain wood fire beam at left, inserted
C19 Gothic central post, and re-used cross-beam; masons' marks
in stone of left cross-wall; inserted small C17 cupboard at
right salvaged from elsewhere in The Bank; rear filleted and
ledged boarded door salvaged from house near Brough. 1st floor
has wide floorboards; stone fireplace probably original, with
Tudor arch inscribed MS.AS.ANO.DM.1621, and renewed jambs,
mason's mark over door. In right wall, part of a stone stair.
Closed string stair to 2nd floor, open to roof with renewed
trusses. Rear wing has blocked door and window at left, late
C20 stone firplace and corbelled hood in medieval style with
herringbone brick fireback against front range; ovolo-moulded
broad glazing bars. Stairs moved from front to back room. Many
inserted historic features in No.40.
No.44: 1st floor of front range has wide floorboards; deep
stucco ceiling cornice and cross-beam mouldings to left room
over archway, with section where cornice removed at right
showing cyma, pendant-and-quirk, and ovolo moulding. Some
3-panel doors, and C18 cupboard behind C19 door. 2nd floor,
open to roof, has 2 trusses, the left set into cross-wall has
thin upper crucks halved at apex and with thin collar; the
right, of wood of rich warm chestnut colour has big principals
with 2 collars, the 2nd a saddle extending across the
principals and with purlins set into the projecting ends.
Principals seem to be reduced, but may be truncated, above
upper collar which has later queen posts to thin ridge piece.
Purlins renewed. Interior of No.42 not inspected. Parts of
some rear wings in poor condition.
No.38 listed 22.02.73.
Listing NGR: NZ0500716190