Heritage Category: Listed Building
List Entry Number: 1308809
Date first listed: 20-Feb-1952
Statutory Address: WHIDDONPARK HOUSE
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Statutory Address: WHIDDONPARK HOUSE
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: West Devon (District Authority)
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 72103 89243
SX 78 NW CHAGFORD
4/83 Whiddonpark House 20.2.52 GV II*
House, part of former country mansion. Late C16-early C17, maybe as late as the 1649 dateplaque; service block extended in C19, modernised circa 1980. Most is granite stone rubble but the main front is coursed blocks of massive granite ashlar; granite stacks, the oldest with granite ashlar chimney shafts; slate roof. Plan: L-shaped house. The 2-room plan main block facing south-east contains the principal rooms which are served by both rear lateral and end stacks. To rear of the left (south-western) end is the main entrance lobby and projecting stair turret. To rear of the right end the kitchen projects at right angles. The former end stack is now axial since this block was extended back another room in the C19 and the has a projecting lateral stack on the inner side. It seems that this is only a part of the late C16-early C17 mansion. The main block probably continued further to the south-west. 3 storeys throughout. Exterior: nearly symmetrical 2-window front of original granite-mullioned windows. All have hollow-chamfered mullions broad bead-moulded reveals and hoodmoulds with plain square labels. Ground floor left is 3 lights, the rest are 4 lights with central king mullions. Only the second floor windows still contain rectangular panes of leaded glass. The roof is hipped to right and gable-ended to left. The left end, including the side of the stair turret is blind except for a small loft window to right of the projecting ashlar stack. It does inlcude some irregular blockings or patchings but they are not clear enough to work out what was going on. The main doorway is a little left of the stack. Its ashlar-fronted porch is gabled and includes a round-headed outer arch with a broad bead-moulded surround and hoodmould. The doorway itself is a smaller version of the outer arch and it contains a C19 panelled and part-glazed door. Directly above a plaque is fixed to the wall; it bears the date 1649 in a simple geometric pattern. The end of the stair turret contains two C19 4-pane sashes, the top one enlarging an original window. The right end of the main block is also blind and the rear block has an irregular 4- window front of various casements. The oldest are oak-framed containing rectangular panes of leaded glass, some maybe as old as C18. Others are C19 with glazing bars and occasionally a C20 casement without glazing bars. Most have exposed oak lintels. C19 part-glazed panelled door near the front block blocking an earlier and larger doorway and another C19 door is the only feature of the rear gable end. Other side of the rear block contains similar irregular fenestration except for one light of a partly blocked original granite-mullioned window on the third floor. Interior: has been much-refurbished in the C19 and C20 but much of the early fabric and some good detail nevertheless survives, much of it uncovered since circa 1980. From the entrance hall a granite low segmental arch with hollow-chamfered surround leads to a spacious newel stair with the steps made from solid oak baulks. The left front room (nearest the entrance) was a good parlour. The fireplace is the finest in the house; it is granite with a Tudor arched lintel and moulded surround. Also most of the walls here are still lined with C17 small field oak panelling. By contrast the right room has a plain granite fireplace with a soffit-chamfered oak lintel and a soffit-chamfered crossbeam. Kitchen to rear has a massive granite fireplace with a soffit-chamfered oak lintel. It has been reduced in size and a large brick-lined bread oven built into the blocking. C18 doorway to front block. The original is blocked; granite with segmental head and broad hollow-chamfered surround. The ceiling, like those of the upper rooms, is flat and here the joists of large scantling are exposed. The fireplace in the upper rooms are of granite ashlar with chamfered surround, the larger with pyramid stops. The fireplace in the first floor right room has an overmantel of C17 ornamental plasterwork. An heraldic achievement is flanked by W initials with floral sprays beyond. All over them the name Upcott. Most of the joinery detail is C19 but there are a number of early C18 2-fielded panel doors. Roof structure is completely early C20. Whiddonpark House is probably just a part of a larger mansion, probably the largest and most important in the area. It was the seat of the Whiddon family from the mid C16 to 1761. According to Polwhele writing in 1797 it was then ruinous and Swete in 1781 wrote it was "an old edifice blocked up towards the part which had the wildest, most remantic appearance." The estate was bought up by the Drewe family who built Castle Drogo on the ridge opposite. Sources: Polwhele, History of Devonshire, Vol.2 (1797), p.73; Reverend John Swete, A Tour Across Dartmoor into North Devon (1789)
Listing NGR: SX7210389243
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 94612
Legacy System: LBS
Books and journals
Polwhele, R, History of Devonshire, (1797), 73
Swete, J, A Tour Across Dartmoor into North Devon, (1789)
This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.
End of official listing