Heritage Category:
Listed Building
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Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SJ 40553 65844



SJ4065NE ST MARY'S HILL 595-1/6/338 (South side) 28/07/55 St Mary's Centre (Formerly Listed as: ST MARY'S HILL Church of St Mary-on-the-Hill (no longer in ecclesiastical use))


Parish church now educational centre. C14 and c1500, restored 1861-2 by James Harrison and 1890-92 by JP Seddon and (without deconsecration) converted to an educational centre 1970s by County Architect's Department for Cheshire County Council. Red sandstone with low-pitch roofs. PLAN: 3-stage west tower, 3-bay aisled nave continuous with chancel and aisled chapels, north porch and 2-storey south porch, now office. EXTERIOR: the tower has diagonal west buttresses, west door c1500 with arch of 2 stones with quatrefoils above, quatrefoil band beneath 4-light Y-tracery west window, stringcourse with Tudor roses beneath paired Y-tracery bell-openings under 4-centre arch; the top stage, 1861-2 by James Harrison, has gargoyles, quatrefoil band beneath panel-and-quatrefoil pierced crenellation with eight pinnacles. Refaced west end to south aisle has a 2-light Y-tracery window. 3 steps to framed and boarded oak door in south porch; band with carved-head stops; diagonal buttresses; upper window of 3 trefoil-headed lights. 3 traceried 3-light windows to south aisle, earlier than tower. 6 simple 3-light clerestory windows. The south-east chapel has 3 panel-traceried 3-light windows, a low-level boarded oak priest's door in a moulded archway and, in its east end, a 4-light panel-tracery window; the chapel dates from 1443 but was rebuilt in 1693. The rectangular buttress between chapel and east end of nave is capped with a medieval carving of the winged lion of St Mark. The east window of the nave is 5-light with panel tracery under a 2-centre arch. The north-east chapel has a 5-light panel-tracery east window under a 4-centre arch. The north side of chapel and nave aisle has five panel-tracery 4-light windows under 4-centre arches. The north clerestory has 6 lattice-leaded windows of 3 trefoil-headed lights under depressed arches. The north porch rebuilt in 1892 by JP Seddon at the expense of Cheshire freemasons has octagonal buttresses, moulded archway, crenellated gable and, in the unaltered back wall, double boarded doors of oak; small

commemorative window 1892 by Shrigley and Hunt. INTERIOR: full-height tower arch, probably C14; 3-bay nave arcades have octagonal piers and twice-cambered 4-centre arches; fine camber-beam roof of 40 panels per bay with some 120 bosses, gilt and painted 1970s. The aisles have rebuilt camber-beam roofs. 2 steps under C14 chancel arch, dying into responds which slope outward as they rise. Chancel has 4-bay arched wooden roof, apparently rebuilt in restoration; a broad 4-centre arch to north chapel and a slightly-pointed arch to south chapel; plastered east wall. The chapels have probably rebuilt oak roofs. STAINED GLASS: the east window 1857 by Wailes in memory of WH Massie, Rector; east window of north chapel, damaged, has 2 lights of Crimean War Memorial c1856 by Hedgeland; north-west window of the 4 Evangelists in memory of TB Oldfield, d.1858; the east window of the south chapel has fragments of late Perpendicular glass in tracery of E window, with memorial glass 1865 by H Hughes to Mary L Barton; the south windows have memorial glass to Georgina Burkridge Roberts, Thomas Mawden, rector, and his sons, and wife, 1850 by Wailes, and to John Hill and family. MONUMENTS: amongst some 72 monuments and cenotaphs from the C16 to early C20, the following are of individual note: Table tomb to Thomas Gamul, d.1616 and his wife who erected it with recumbent effigies attended by their children; alabaster monument to Phillip Oldfield, with recumbent effigy; C17 wall monuments to Randle Holme II and family, Randle Holme III and IV; a Gothic Revival tablet by James Harrison to William Currie, d.1834; Ralph Worsley, Sergeant of the Crown and Warden of the Lions, Lionesses and Leopards in the Tower of London, d.1573. Since the early Middle Ages St Mary's Church was associated with Chester Castle and subsequently with the County Gaol. (The Buildings of England: Hubbard E & Pevsner N: Cheshire: Harmondsworth: 1971-: 151-2).

Listing NGR: SJ4054965836

This List entry has been amended to add the source for War Memorials Register. This source was not used in the compilation of this List entry but is added here as a guide for further reading, 26 January 2017.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Pevsner, N, Hubbard, E, The Buildings of England: Cheshire, (1971), 151-2
War Memorials Register, accessed 26 January 2017 from


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 22 May 2001
Reference: IOE01/04052/34
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Michael J Tuck. Source Historic England Archive
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